Humphrys Ancestry   by BroMit.com

v10/11/2015
click   (1) What this book is about/Introduction..
click   (2) Flowchart of the Family Tree..
           (3) Julia & Luke Teddy Family Tree..
click   (4) The Thomas family in Cornwall 1841 – 1851..
click   (5) John 1 and July Thomas – 1799-1864..
click   (6) Julia and Luke Teddy – 1827 – 1904..
click    -  List of Julia and Luke Teddy's Descendants – 1827 – 2014..

click   (8) Jesse and Isabella Humphrys, James and Hannah Flower –Life in Somerset..
click    -  Hassage Manor Country Life Article (1920s)

click   (9) James and Hannah Flower –1835 – 1891..
click    -  Rachel Flower and Thomas Warnes .
click    -  Ann Flower and Robert Warner..
click    -  Joseph and Catheline (Callass) Flower ..
click    -  Elizabeth Flower and Ernst Blesing
click    -  Jabez and Elizabeth Anne (Carter) Flower

click   (10) Jesse and Isabella Humphrys –Life in Australia..
click   (11) Isaac and Grace Turner at Black Springs–1863 – 1902..
click   (12) William Thorn Humphrys (Jesse1's brother) - Life in Somerset and Australia..

click   (13) Elijah Thorn Humphrys' siblings..
click    -  William Mark and Frances Zincroft (Jones) Humphrys.
click    -  Sarah Anne Duke (Humphrys) (1857-1941) and John Allen Duke
click    -  Jesse2 Humphrys (1861-1934) and Emily (Duke) Humphrys
click    -  Flower Humphrys (1863-1944) and Mary (Rogers) Humphrys.
click    -  Flower's grandson Neil Robert Humphrys (1947-2015) Adelaide DJ.
click    -  Isabella Scrutton (Humphrys) (1868-1953) and Herbert James Scrutton<
click    -  Emily (Humphrys) Jones
click    -  Mary Ann (Humphrys) Hansen

click   (14) Elijah Thorn and May (Teddy) Humphrys - (1865 – 1955)..
click   (15) Minetta Pauline May Humphrys - (11895 – 1988) ..
click   (16) Clarence Melvyn Humphrys War service - (1916 – 1917) ..
click   (17) Clarence Melvyn Humphrys War Diary Excepts (1916 – 1917) ..
click   (18) Thomas and Mary Smith - 1832 – 1884..

click   (19) Ellen Smith, Henry Pascoe and William Snider - (1858 – 1945) ..
click   (20) Annie Adelaide Pascoe Bennett (1878 – 1956)..
click   (21) Annie Adelaide and John Penna (1870 – 1956)..

click   (22) Clement and Maude Humphrys (1891 – 1969)..
click   (23) Clement and Grace (Elvey) Humphrys (1914 – 1969)..
Appendices

What this book is about

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This is about 3 families that emigrated from Cornwall and Somerset areas of the UK to South Australia in the 1850’s. Two families went to the Burra region, one family to the Kingston area.

Family 1. John and July Thomas and family, emigrated in 1849 to Burra. John had been hired as a mine manager by the Burra mine agents in England because of his expertise of “timbering” in Cornish mines. He was also to be involved in the installation, operation and maintenance of the Cornish Steam driven pump which had been recently purchased to de-flood the Burra workings.

John and his sons were also involved in supply of timber for the shaft supports, as fuel for the boilers of the pump, and also for the smelting process. John was shrewd enough to realise that a better life was to be had on the land, and as the government was surveying and selling off the land around Burra, he invested his Burra Mines income in land north of Burra, near Mt Bryan.

The second daughter Jane Thomas was to marry a Henry Collins, and that branch of the family would go on to create the world famous Collinsville Merino Stud near Mt. Bryan.

The eldest daughter Julia, however was to marry a young Cornish miner, Luke Teddy, who turned out to be a not so successful farmer, but a popular character. He had a Wood and Chaff business and was also an enthusiastic member and elder of the Wesleyan Church at Burra. The youngest of the Teddy family was a Mary Teddy, a talented church organist, and later to marry Elijah Thorn Humphrys, a farmer of Hanson and Farrell Flat.

Family 2. James and Hannah Flower were small farmers and butchers who emigrated from Timsbury, England with their children to Adelaide in 1854. The eldest daughter Isabella however, had married a local farm lad, Jesse Humphrys from nearby Wellow before they had left for Australia, so Jesse came along as part of the family. After 5 years working with farmers, such as Mr J Johnson (Reedbeds), and Mr Brown (Buckland Park/Pt Gawler), they moved to, and purchased land at Stony Gap, 9 miles south of Burra.

Jesse and Isabella Humphrys had 3 children while living near Adelaide and in 1859 followed the Flower family to Stony Gap, and purchased land adjoining the Flower’s.
Stony Gap was on the main bullock team track from Burra to Black Springs, and the land had been leasehold. James Logan was one of the earlier pastoralists that had leased the land at 10/- a square mile, and consequently the area has Logan’s Hut, Logan’ Flat, Logan’s Farm, Logan’s Creek and Logan’s Gap in the area. The 1860 Almanac had the Humphrys and Flower farms at Logan’s Flat. The farms were at the base of rolling hills, and the farms built near the creeks from those hills. The hills were perfect for grazing sheep, and the flat land below was good cropping land.

The Humphrys and Flower families, expanded with 5 more children to Isabella.
The families succeeded at sheep farming, and each were to extend their holdings by 1000 acres. James Flower purchased the land south, directly opposite, then to the east on Burra Creek which he and his two sons Joseph and Jabez were to work until James’ death in 1891. Jesse Humphrys managed to purchase a 1000 acres, 5 miles to the south east near Emu Downs and Black Springs.

The Stony Gap community of the Flower, Humphrys, Delamere, Escott, Porter and Logan built a school house, and a church, both on James Flower’s land. Robert Zincraft Jones of Black Springs, was appointed by the Education Board, as teacher for Stony Gap between 1864 and 1874.
The Humphrys family was to be devastated, firstly in 1874 by the death of the second son, Alfred, only 16, then in 1875 Isabella died in the childbirth of a daughter, Elizabeth, who did not survive. Jesse was left with a young family of 6 children ranging from 3 to 18 years of age. In 1876 Jesse married a widow, Grace Turner, who had 2 young children herself. He leased his Stony Gap farm to the Koonoona Estate, then purchased another 600 acre property in the Hundred of Hanson, near Farrell Flat from a Thomas Glasson. The property had the new railway from Gawler to Burra running along side it, and there was a school at Farrell Flat for the younger children. Farrell Flat had railway station and yards where the wool and wheat was loaded. Jesse Humphrys and his sons and daughters farmed the Hanson property until 1909, Jesse’s death, he divided the Stony Gap, the Hanson and the Clare properties between his sons and daughters.

The Hanson property was divided in half, with Flower Humphrys (son no.4) getting the northern half, and Elijah Thorn Humphrys (son no.5) getting the southern half. The Stony Gap property was left to William Mark Humphrys (son no.1) and Jesse Humphrys (son no.3) as co-owners.

The major focus now goes to Elijah Thorn Humphrys, who married Mary (May) Teddy, and on some land that Elijah purchased himself, built the homestead they named “Maythorn”.
They had 3 children, Clement, Clarence and Minetta. In 1915 the Burra papers herald social events at “Maythorn” but within 4 years, the family is devastated by the death of Clarence, and later, the death of Elijah Thorn Humphrys, coincidently, both of wound infections.

Family 3. Thomas and Mary Smith, 21 year olds from Cornwall, emigrated from Cornwall, England in 1853. Thomas was an Ostler and they moved to the Kingston SE area, where he spent the next 30 years working with horses and as a drover. The life must have been healthy because Mary and Thomas produced 14 children.
The 5th child, Ellen Smith however was to feature in our story, as she had a daughter Annie Adelaide Pascoe to William Henry Pascoe, but did not marry. She did however marry a very interesting character, Wilhelm Schneider, who it turns out was the illegitimate son of Prince Friederick of Prussia. William Snider as he renamed himself, was a sailor who emigrated to Christchurch, New Zealand then to Kingston SE in South Australia. He obtained employment as a packer/ganger on the Kingston to Bordertown railway. Twelve years later he was redeployed to the Northern Line of the railways, working on the Yunta, Olary and Cockburn section.

While at Yunta, his daughter Annie Adelaide became pregnant to a young John Penna, who refused to marry Annie. A 29 year old railway worker Sidney Bennett, married the 16 year old Annie, taking on the Penna child, named Maude Alice Snider Penna Bennett.

This is where it comes together, as Sidney Bennett, was a railway ganger based at the Hanson/Farrell Flat railway in 1909. His daughter Maude was a talented pianist, and May Humphrys, a pianist, church organist and socialite, knew Maude from when she played piano at social events in the area.
In 1915, May’s eldest son, Clement Arnold became betrothed to Maude Alice.

The focus of the book is Clement Arnold Humphrys and Maude Alice Penna Bennett. They married in 1915 and Clement, Clarence and Elijah Thorn worked the farm until the death of Clarence and 2 years later Elijah.

Clement and Maude had 4 daughters, Clement contracted Quinsy, a throat infection, he also lost the sight in his right eye while breaking up rocks and May Humphrys needed more challenges, so in 1926 they moved to the eastern suburbs of Adelaide to raise their family.

The book covers all the above events in detail obtained from five main sources (a) Reuben D Thomas’s book, (b) Janine Kraehenbuel’s descendant’s paper, (c) from the Historical Land Information system of the Lands Titles Office (d) Newspaper articles on the National Library website, and (e) ancestry websites such as www.geni.com.

1. Introduction.

I am Neil Douglas Brooks, son of Laurel Humphrys and grandson of Clement and Maude Humphrys of Rose Park.
Growing up in Adelaide in the 60s to 70s and working in the S.A. Government as, initially, a junior Cartographer, then Computer Programmer and Analyst in the 80s to 90’s, and raising a family in the eastern suburbs, I did not have much time to think about the past.
My older brother John Humphry Brooks however was a Chemist and specialised in odd hour placements around Adelaide, and was a collector of family objects and photos and a bachelor who had time to ponder the past.
John had searched the South Australian libraries, accessed passenger lists of emigrant ships in the 1800’s, studied the Biographical Index of S.A. and patiently typed in details on his trusty typewriter.
He stumbled across other people’s efforts and Reuben D Thomas of Burra (now Happy Valley) had created a magnificent document “Redruth Cornwall to the Burra S.A. – The descendants of John and July Thomas adapt to their new land” (ISBN 978-0-646-48378-8).
This published book covered the Cornish connection and even traced it all down to a Thomas who married a Teddy who married a Humphrys, and subsequently down to Clement and Maude Humphrys, their 5 children including my mother, and even down to my siblings, and our children.
John presented me with a copy of this book in 2007 and I was hooked.
It confirmed a lot of John’s research. He also found another researcher Janine (Tamblyn) Kraehenbuehl of Belair who had done extensive research in to the Smith family, headed by a Thomas Smith, an Ostler and his wife Mary both from Cornwall who immigrated in 1853 and settled in the Kingston South East area droving, raising a family in the Reedy Creek area.
There was activity of establishing railways, firstly the Kingston to Naracoorte, then to Bordertown and one of the Smiths married a railway worker who got a redeployment as a ganger/packer to the Northern Rail extension from Burra to Broken Hill.
The Smith family produced many children and Ellen’s grand daughter Maude Alice Penna Snider Bennett, married Clement Arnold Humphrys, a farmer near Hanson and Farrell Flat railway station.
All this information was building up, I was computer proficient, so have been able to pick the eyes of this information, add maps and photographs from the Internet. With encouragement from my brother John, and cousins Joy and Stan Brooks, this document is the result.
I must thank Reuben Thomas who has kindly given me permission to use sections of his book which relate to the Thomas - Teddy - Humphrys of which I am primarily interested in.

The following Flowchart summarises the Thomas-Humphrys-Smith ancestory Note I am only interest in Blood Lines, not the cousins or Step dads, brothers or sisters.

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Flow Chart of the Family Tree


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The Thomas family in Cornwall

– extracted from Reuben Thomas’ 2006 book.

Unfortunately not much is known about John Thomas 1. We can draw conclusions regarding his desire to emigrate, as life in Cornwall was very tough in the 1800s.

John, like most Cornishmen worked in the mines. His occupation, shown on the Embarkation Order, was miner and farmer, to which could be added fisherman. His occupation is mentioned elsewhere as Mine manager, and his specialty was timbering to make the mine safe for workers. Before the advent of machinery, men had to descend the mine shafts by means of verticle wooden ladders for however many hundreds of feet it was necessary to go to reach the working level. The average mine was 100 fathoms or 600 feet or 180 metres. Some were deeper. Accidents were common and life expectancy was short, averaging 35 to 40 years for a male miner. The necessity of having to work underground during daylight hours in hot, damp, humid conditions inhaling dust from the workings, caused what they called miners disease, which severly effected the lungs.

The 1840s was apparently a particularly hard period. In 1847 tension had built up to such an extent that the worst riots that Redruth had experienced for many years occurred. Redruth was normally a reasonably law abiding place but in 1847 hunger drove thousands of angry residents to rebel against the prices the stores were charging for daily food, more than the people could afford, and their children were going hungry. Desperate women, supported by their men, smashed doors and filled aprons with flour, meat and other items when the storekeepers refused to lower prices.

This certainly did not provide a promising future for the family. It would seem that any opportunity must be better than this. In emigrating to the colonies, prospects for them and their family must improve. Also remember by local standards, John was an old man at this stage: 48 yo. Maybe his being healthy at this age indicated that his work as mine manager did not involve being as long in harsh conditions.

Advertisements displayed by agents, calling for men to come and work in the Monster Copper Mine at Burra in South Australia, must have sounded appealing. Cornishmen were used to working in copper and tin mines and their expertise was needed in the new British Colony. It was a stepping stone, and there would probably be opportunities to take up other work other than mining.

It was not known how well financially John Thomas was, but it seems he was a little better off than many, who were on the “bread line”. John was a Mine manager, so one would expect that it earned a few shillings per week more than the average mine worker.

The family lived at Polgear, a small faming community just south of Four Lanes Cornwall, according to the 1841 census, and it is understood they lived at Ponsanooth (a Gunpowder factory was there supplying mines) prior to emigrating, although it would seem that they may have moved about because James was born at Forest Gate near Redruth in the Parish of Wendron. Ponsanooth was only 5miles from Redruth and the friends that son James later corresponded with and stayed with on his return trips, lived at Four Lanes (just above Polgear).

Although life was hard for pioneers in Australia, it seems that life in Cornwall did not improve until into the 20th century. The abundance of rich copper ore being shipped from overseas for smelting in Wales made the recovery of ore from the depths of Cornwall less economic.

John’s wife July is thought to have been what is termed a “a foundling”. It was common for illegitimate children born on Estates, to be left on the doorstep of someone who appeared to be able to care for the baby. It was also common practice for the child to be given the name coinciding with the month of birth, hence July.

It was said that the baby July was found on a church minister’s doorstep together with a bundle of clothes and a considerable sum of money.

At the time of leaving there was John 49, his wife July 47, and six children. John 23 who married Ann Julian Oliver 19, just prior to emigrating. Julia 16, James 11, Jane 9, Joseph 7, and Josiah 3. They applied for passage to South Australia and were granted berths on the ship “William Money” scheduled to leave Plymouth in september 1848.

The ship left Plymouth on 19th September and arrived at Port Adelaide on 3rd January 1849 after 103 days at sea. The ship returned to England then made another trip departing Liverpool March 1854.

CLICK THIS for the diary of a passenger (James Menzies) of the 1848 voyage

John 1 and July Thomas in Australia

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1849 John Thomas 1 arrived at Pt Adelaide South Australia on 3rd January 1849 together with his wife and family and presumably went straight to The Burra as soon as transport was arranged. He was employed at the mine as a Mine Manager, his expertise being timbering. His son Josiah 1 said they lived in a simple paling structure on the mine site until better accomodation could be found.How long he worked at the mine is not known, but it is evident he was interested in a better life for his family, so he became interested in land as it was surveyed and made available by application to the Dept of Lands.

1855 In Ian Auhl’s book p235…Henry Ayres prodded Roach (mine Captain) to re-start Schneiders pumping engine to recommence operations in the deep levels of the flooded mine.On 1 jan 1855.. Henry Ayres advertised “Burra Burra Mines – Resumption of working of Deep Levels’ Offering employment… as soon as the engine commenced “forking” the water.

In the boiler room of Schneiders engine house, John Congdon and his enginemen began stoking up the fires. The pitmen, William Cocking and John Thomas were busy below in the engine shaft ensuring that the pit-work of the pump was in working order…….On 21st January 1855, a message was sent to Adelaide . The water is “Forked” and mine quite secure throughout. A delighted Ayres congratulated Roach and S.A.M.A.rewarded its pitmen with a bonus of £7.10 each”

For a full Timeline of the Burra mine see http://www.burrahistory.info/BurraHistory.htm

John Thomas 1 applied for several sections of land near The Burra, perhaps not all at once but whatever he could afford to purchas. In 1855 John 1 was granted sec 41 for £100.10.00, and a little later he purchased sec 42 adjoining from Mr E McEllister and this property became known as Three Sisters, Three Gums, Three Trees Flat or Three Trees, which name has endured to today. This property is still held by descendants of John 1 Thomas in 2006.

1859 John was also granted section 203 being 111 acres on 3 Feb 1859 for which he had to pay £111.5.0. He later sold this block to Henry Ayres for £257.17.6. John 1 also sold sec 3529 of 80 acres to Henry Ayres. In 1862 a John Thomas tendered for a contract with the mine for the supply of firewood and was accepted. We cannot be sure if this was John Thomas 1.

1863 application was made to the Burra Burra Council to build a ford across the Bon Accord creek to facilitate carting firewood to the mine.

1862 John 1 and July resided at Three Trees in later life, their address being Copperhouse as Three Trees is not far from that village. John 1 also acquired a number of sections in the Hundred of Kingston in 1862, these being just north and west of where the township of Mt Bryan now stands. The sections were numbered 123,124,125,128,129,138,139. These varied in size from 95 to 130 acres each. Some of these sections were granted to John Thomas and others were transferred from Henry Ayres.

Originally the land was not highly valued, because prior to the use of superphosphate it did not produce good crops. A good season at Mt Bryan East in a lower rainfall area would produce better yields. Later however with the use of superphosphate, the land at Mt Bryan having a reliable rainfall yielded well.

His daughter Jane Thomas married Henry Collins who experimented with lucerne and found the flats at that time had a water table near the surface so the land was admirably suited to this pasture. This proved excellent for the raising of stud sheep.

1864 On 11 May John 1 died at the age of 64 years. The properties were willed as follows.

Three Trees section 41 and 42 hd Kooringa to son Josiah Thomas together with John 1’s wife July jointly.

All sections hd of Kingston to son Joseph together with John 1’s wife July jointly.

The executors were given control of funds in order to provide July with a two roomed cottage, supply her with firewood and allow her enough money for the Sunday collection. Should she remarry she would receive 1shilling only. All other members of the family received £5 each (we understand to buy a new suit of clothes).

1871 On 7th November 1871 Joseph 1 met with an accident and died. July was now the surviving partner of the land at Mt Bryan. It was not however customary for a woman to hold land in her name, so July immediately distributed the land to members of the family. On 20 September 1872 sec 123 went to Josiah 1; 124 to son John 2, 125 to Jane 1, but in Janes’s husbands name Henry Collins; 128 to Joanna, in the name of her husband William J Thomas 1; 129 to James 1, 138 and 139 to Julia in her husbands name Luke Teddy.

Following that the family juggled them around again, and 123 went from Josiah 1 to John 2. James tried to work his block but found it too small to be economic and in 1876 transferred it to Joanna, in the name of William J. Thomas.

In Ian Auhl’s book The Monster Mine, he reports:-

At the age of eighty years, James Thomas living in retirement on his farm Wallinga, Mt Bryant East, recalled the years when he worked at the Burra Burra Mine as a whim boy and lived with his parents in a dug-out in the creek. Born in 1837 in Forestgate Cornwall, James arrived in Pt Adelaide in 1848 with his family in 1848.

His most vivid memories of life in the dug-outs in the creek, were the hardships endured by the women and the floods which eventually washed the families out of their cave-homes. See page 128 for description.

Luke Teddy apparently could not make his section pay so he surrendered it to the Crown. These sections were then re-surveyed and now incuded in the Collinsville property approximately where the large homested now stands.Sec 128 and 129 are (2008) still owned by descendants of Joanna and William Thomas. The property is known as Hilldrop.

Secs 123 and 124 Hd Kingston on 3 March 1862, and 26 Feb 1862 were granted to John Thomas of Moonta Mines, yet in October 1863 John 1 mentions these sections in his will. The section numbers agree with those granted to John 1, so it appears John 1 went to Moonta for a short time. (no more references of these found).

John 1 could not read or write and signed his name with a cross. However he seem to realise that the future apparently was in land and tried to work that end for his family.

Obituary from the Register 1864 – Kooringa May 26

“on Sunday the 15th, the remains of the late John Thomas were followed to their last resting place by a large concourse of friends, chiefly in vehicles. The deceased, who had been a timberman at the Burra mine for a long time, was very respected for his integrity and straight forwardness in all his dealings with different tradesmaen of this place, where he lived for many years."

This is an extract from the UK census 1841

From http://www.artgallery.sa.gov.au/noye/Photogs/Scholz_x.htm

Morphett's pumphouse building has been restored and is now open to the public.
Transporting Schneider's pumping engine to the Burra mine was a great achievement for a colony that was less than twenty years old. The parts of the engine arrived at Port Adelaide on the ship Joseph Weir in April 1851, and it was loaded onto a great jinker that had been constructed in Adelaide for the sole purpose of carting the massive cylinder to the mine. The Cornish boilers were brought to the mine in sections and assembled on the spot.

An experienced bullock-driver, Bell Freeman, was given the task of transporting the cylinder, which had a bore of almost 7 feet and weighed 18 tons. Freeman started out in January 1852 with a team of 72 bullocks, six abreast at the face of the jinker, ten in the next rank, then a gradually decreasing number until he was down to his two leaders at the front. To make sure the few bridges on the road were not damaged Freeman had them shored up with timber and the decks covered with a layer of sand to dampen any vibration. As an added precaution he drew the jinker as close to the bridge as possible, had the bullocks unhitched and taken over the bridge, the team re-assembled on the other side, then the jinker hauled across with long ropes. Some years later the same jinker was used to carry the cylinder of Morphett's steam pump to the mine. Today this jinker is a sad and sorry-looking relic, housed under an open shelter in one of the streets of Burra, an ignoble ending for such a fine piece of pioneer South Australian craftsmanship, a piece of Australia's transportation history  which played a vital role in Burra's past. No jinker, no pump, no mine!

Julia and Luke Teddy

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Little is known of Julia. She was born 21-4-1832 in Cornwall and came to Burra in 1849 with the rest of her family (John and July Thomas and 7 children). She died in Redruth Burra 5-11-1898

She married Luke Teddy 1 on 6-11-1851 and they lived most of their lives around the Burra area. Luke probably initially worked at the mines and later took up land not far away.

Luke was in the English 1841 census (see later) as a 14 yo copper miner. The census document infers he was at Carnkye Cornwall with a family called Tresidder (see later). The internet has Carnkie (Carnkie Bal) Tin Mine UK in the parish of Illogan and is in the middle of the triangle of Redruth, Camborne and Four Lanes It was thought he emmigrated on the ship Rajah in 1847 as a single miner for Burra.

We know that in May 1858 Luke farmed Section 54 known as Logan Farm in the hundred of Kooringa.

Children were :

Until 1872 Julia and Luke lived at Copperhouse, but in that year Julia (in the name of Luke Teddy) inherited two sections of land from her mother in the hundred of Kingston sections 138 and 139. However these were later surrendered to the Crown. This land is approximately where the Collinsville house now stands about 5 kms South of Mt Bryan township. Land in the area at that time was not very productive. Later when superphosphate was added the land became quite valuable.

In December 1875 Julia and Luke’s daughter Elizabeth married John Thomas (a cousin?) in her parents home as Seven Mile Scrub, Baldina, SA.

In 1890 their youngest daughter Mary (May) married Elijah Thorn Humphrys. Luke’s occupation was shown as farmer of Redruth, SA.

A farm mentioned at a later stage at Baldina was actually in the hundred of Kooringa sections 241, 244, 245 but adjoining the hundred of Baldina and also adjoining section 70 belonging to the Methodist church of which Luke was one of the trustees. (see map).

This may have been the only land he owned because Logan Farm was a block owned by Mr Logan and probably leased by Luke. The “boxing” referred to in his obituary, was Cornish boxing in which parties boxed with bare fists with often disastrous consequences.

Julia died 5 November 1898.

Burra Record Nov 1917 - In memoriam Julia Teddy

In loving memory of my dear mother Julia Teddy who died at her residence, Redruth Burra, Nov 5 1898. Dearly loved wife of the late Luke Teddy and loving mother of the late J.H.Teddy, Jamestown, the Late Elizabeth Thomas, Broken Hill, Johanna Hubbard Melbourne and May Humphrys “MayThorn” Hanson.

Oh think of the friends over there,
Who before us the journey have trod,
Many dear to our hearts over there,
Are watching and waiting for me.
Inserted by her loving daughter May Humphrys and family.

The Burra Record July 1904

Obituary Luke Teddy 1

This old Burra resident, who was in many respects a remarkable man, passed over to the great amjority at Broken Hill on Wednesday, June 13th at the residence of his daughter Mrs Johanna Thomas of that town. He came to South Australia 54 years ago, being then a robust young miner, 20 years of age.

He worked in the Burra mine for some time, and was like many of his fellow miners attracted to the glitter of gold on the Victorian diggings. Returning to Burra, he again worked at the mine, which employment he left to engage in farming pursuits in the district. About 20 years ago, owing to failing health he sold his farm at Baldina and lived in retirement at Redruth until recently, when he finally left Burra for Broken Hill.In the early days, Burra was for a time pretty lively, and the young Cornish miner, like many of his mates, abandoned himself to the excitement of the place, and became a noted pugilist; indeed much of the physical affliction with which he was troubled in later years was the result of this early habit. However, a great change came over him about 30 years ago, and he at once became noted for his sincerity, earnestness and zeal of his religious life. He was unable to either read or write, and this factno doubt limited his usefullness in a large degree, but neverless his knowledge of the Scriptures was very thorough, and being a devoted man and possessed of much energy and force of character, he became a power for good in our little community and was muched esteemed and respected by all.

He was a prominent member of the methodist Church and a consistent attendant at its services as long as health permitted, while he took an active share in the spiritual part of the work,and was a frequent and welcome visitor at the bedside of the sick and dying.

Being possessed of the fighting instincts which had been manifested in another sphere, when his energies were turned into the new channel, hebecame an equally determined and wisely aggressive Christian – all his conversation was directed to this object and at times he was very outspoken where questions of principle were at stake.

For the last 15 years he has been totally blind, and very much sympathy was felt for him when about 6 years ago he lost his wife; his health and spirit rapidly declined since that event.

Such a man could not fail to be a blessing in any community. To many persons once resident here, but now scattered throughout Australasia, the Burra in its past religious history is still an inspiration, and the late Luke Teddy is one of the factors that made it what it was, and in an impartial review of the last 30 years of his life those who knew him best felt it will be hard indeed to find his like again. He was an ardent admirer of his eccentric, but splendid countryman, Billy Bray, with whose characteristics he had much in common.

He died at the age of 74 years leving 2 sons and 3 daughters, and was buried in the Broken Hill cemetery.

At the Methodist Church, Redruth, Where Mr Teddy worshipped for many years an In Memoriam service was held on Sunday evening last. The service was conducted by the rev. J. Allen, assited by Mr John Lane, of Kooringa, in which reference was made to the sterling qualities of the deceased. A large congregation assembled for the occasion.

Julia and Luke's Descendants

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1 Julia Thomas b 21 April 1832 in Cornwall UK d 5 November 1898 bu at Kooringa SA m 6 November 1851 Luke Teddy at Congregational Chapel, Kooringa (First on Burra Records) b 1827 ? Truro Cornawall d 13 July 1904 at Rakow St, Railway Town ( Later Broken Hill) NSW bu Broken Hill NSW

  2 John Henry (Jack Harry) Teddy b 6 July 1855 at Kooringa SA d 23 November 1913 bu Jamestown SA m 26 August 1879 Rachel Sanderson at Kooringa SA b 31 May 1856 at Robertstown SA, d 6 May 1939 at Jamestown SA

  2 Elizabeth Teddy b 8 May 1858 at Seven Mile Scrub, Burra SA d 7 July 1912 at Broken Hill NSW m 25 December 1875 John Thomas x at residence of Luke Teddy, Seven Mile Scrub Burra SA b 1845

   3 John Hamley Thomas b 6 March 1877 at Copperhouse SA d 9 March 1878 at Baldina SA

   3 Florrie Etta Thomas b 31 August 1881

   3 Julia Catherine Thomas b 10 July 1883 at Copperhouse SA d 10 December 1953 at Toongabbie NSW m 4 April 1906 Bertie Henwood at Railway Town Broken Hill, NSW b 14 December 1883 at Blinman SA d 14 July 1950 at Parramatta NSW

    4 Milton John Henwood b 8 April 1907 at Broken Hill NSW d 16 July 1984

    4 Minetta Florence Henwood b 1 July 1909 at Broken Hill NSW d 18 October 1990

    4 William Leonard Henwood b 15 June 1918 at Toongabbie NSW m Rita Victoria Howarth b Barraba NSW 14 November 1918

    4 Mary Merle Henwood b 21 May 1921 at Toongabbie NSW d 16 February 1983

   3 Margaretta Maria Thomas b 24 May 1888 at Copperhouse SA d 31 January 1891

    4 Basil Milton Thomas b 21 April 1892 at Redruth SA d 29 June 1911

  2 Luke Teddy 2 b 6 July 1864 at Kooringa SA d 11 August 1945 bu Broken Hill NSW m 1886 Sarah Ann Hoare in Broken Hill NSW

   3 Percival Luke Teddy b 1895 m Kaliamah ??

   3 Clarence John Teddy b1898 d 31 January 1935 at Broken Hill NSW

   3 Albert Reuben William Teddyb 1908 m Marjorie Johnson

  2 Johanna Teddy b 22 November 1865 at Kooringa SA m 20 February 1883 Ernest Arthur Hubbard at Redruth SA b 1862

   3 Ethel May Hubbard b 19 November 1883 m Leonard Lorne Robertson

    4 Lorna Ethel Robertson m Albert Ernest Mountford

  2 Mary (May) Teddy b 17 September 1869 Kooringa SA d 10 December 1955 m 3 November 1890 Elijah Thorn Humphrys at Redruth SA b 14 October 1865 at Stony Gap Burra SA d 13 December 1919

   3 Clement Arnold Humphrys b 19 November 1891 at Redruth SA d 13 August 1969 m Maude Alice Bennett b 1895 at Peterborough SA d January 1967

    4 Viva Hazel Humphrys b 13 April 1917 at Kooringa SA d 3 November 2013 m 1936 Clive W Pollard b 30 December 1915 d 2001

     5 Donald Clive Pollard b April 1939 m Janice Lewis div m Rosemary Przybilla

      6 Craig Darren Pollard b August 1961 m Kathy Prentice div m Lexie

       7 Kain Pollard b May 1986

       7 Cory Pollard b December 1988

      6 Kym Donald Pollard b October 1963 d Novemnber 2006 m Jenny

       7 Rebecca Pollard b December 1991

       7 Maddison Pollard b September 1993

      6 Gavin Clive Pollard b June 1968 m Cheryl

       7 Jake Gavin Pollard b June 1998

     5 Joy Estelle Pollard b November 1936 m Stan Brooks b September 1936

      6 Peter Gary Brooks b Dec 1958 m 1981 Lee-Anne Frost b Feb 1963 div m 1 Jan 1996 Yvonne Lloyd

       7 Sheree Alice Brooks b May 1983

       7 Melissa Kate Brooks b October 1984

      6 Timothy Donald Brooks b May 1960 ptnr Kathy Prentice b July 1963

       7 Kristi Faye Brooks b October 1999

       7 Brodie Jed Brooks b March 2001

      6 Mary Jane Brooks b February 1967 m 6 October 1991 David Lane b December 1958

       7 Thelma Maude Humphrys b 21 April 1920 at Kooringa SA m Max Schubert b 9 Feb 1915 d 1994

     5 Brentyn Max Schubert b February 1947

      6 Alicia Kate Schubert b May 1978

      6 Cassandra Leah Schubert b April 1982

      6 Samuel Max Schubert b July 1983

     5 Sandra Schubert b April 1952 m 1982 Garry Coff b January 1954

      6 Lorien Eden Coff b May 1985

      6 Brittany Erin Coff b January 1987

    4 Dorothy Merle Humphrys b 26 Nov 1921 at Kooringa SA m 28 April 1942 Donald Forward b 23 April 1919

     5 Lynette Joan Forward b January 1945 m 1966 Victor Langley b 1946

      6 Todd Matthew Langley b November 1970

      6 Paula Dorothy Langley b July 1972

     5 Janet Forward b August 1947 m Max Harrop

      6 Kimberley Harrop b August 1977

      6 Wesley Owen Harrop b April 1980

    4 Arnold Clarence John Humphrys b Feb 1929 d 2011 m 3 Oct 1953 Anne Fletcher b April 1930

     5 Catherine Anne Humphrys b 8 July 1954

     5 Judith Rose Humphrys b 25 Oct 1956 m Michael McCarthy b 21 Dec 1952 div 29 Oct 2004

      6 Laura Anne McCarthy b 2 Oct 1978 m 20 Aug 2005 Jason Christopher Rollison

       7 Trent Henry Rollison b 4 May 2006

       7 Brigitte Emily Rollison b 9 Dec 2007

      6 James Edward McCarthy b 3 August 1980

      6 Samuel Cameron McCarthy b 25 Sept 1982 m Colin Little 4 Sept 2008

       7 Annabel Elizabeth McCarthy-Little b 26 July 2011 (surr.mum=Becky Kempthorne)

       7 Lachlan Thomas McCarthy-Little b 2 Dec 2012 (surr.mum=Becky Kempthorne)

     5 Richard John Humphrys b May 1960 m Pat Wallis div m Sarah George

      6 Jessica Humphrys b November 1992

      6 Rebecca Humphrys b May 1985

      6 Luke Humphyrs b June 2006

     5 Jane Louise Humphrys b September 1962 m David McGown

      6 Rose McGowan b July 1996

      6 Grace McGowan b October 1998

      6 Charlie McGowan b September 2001

    4 Laurel May Humphrys b November 1924 m Allen Brooks b 13 May 1918 d 8 November 1991

     5 John Humphry Brooks (Pharmacist) December 1946

     5 Neil Douglas Brooks (Computer Systems Analyst) b 22 July 1949 m Beverley Hartley 8 May 1982 b 16 June 1948

      6 Susan Alyce Brooks (Electrical Engineer) b 10 June 1985

      6 Amy Laurel Brooks (Bachelor Arts - Teacher) b 18 March 1987

     5 Elizabeth Mary Brooks b August 1952 m David Keddie 1973 d 11 June 2006

      6 Scott Allen Keddie b 1974

      6 Chrissy Anne Keddie b December 1975 m Kent Tuigamala

       7 Alvin Tuigamala b April 2000

       7 Portia Tuigamala b February 2002

       7 Andrae Tuigamala b January 2003

       7 Chanel Tuigamala b October 2004

       7 Jasmine Tuigamala b October 2006

     5 Jillian Anne Brooks (Project Officer) b 10 March 1957 ptnr John Blumson b 10 January 1957

   3 Clarence Melvin Humphrys b 10 October 1893 d October 1917 in France

   3 Minette Pauline May Humphrys b 15 Mar 1895 at Redruth SA d 1988 m 1919 Wilfred Frank Ford by 24 Sept 1893 at Kooringa SA

    4 Francis Thorn Ford b 11 August 1919 at Redruth SA

    4 Iris Enid Ford b 14 February 1921 at Redruth SA

Thomas and Mary Smith

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(Extracted from Janine Kraehenbuehl’s Descendants of Thomas Smith).
Thomas Smith was born circa 1832 in Cornwall, in 1853 he was listed as an Ostler. It seems he spent his live working with horses as a drover, groom, Ostler. His children that were born from 1862-1874 were born in the Blackford or Naracoorte area and his wie died at Francis, near Naracoorte.

He died 21 Mar 1884 aged 52 yrs in Millicent or Mt Gambier SA distr of Grey He was buried in Lake Terrace Mt Gambier cemetery SA 169F. The cause of his death was Cystitis

Noted events in his life were:-

Thomas married Mary (Lane/Leane?) Smith on 10 Mar 1853. Mary was born in Wadebridge Cornwall Mar 15 1836 and died 9 Sept 1908 aged 75 years in Frances SA The cause of her death was senility. Influenza.

Noted events in her life were:-

The Railways to be created in the 1870’s

An extract from “ Kingston S.E. – an overview history” by Peter Bell and Susan Marsden

Cape Jaffa and the shelter it provides to shipping in Lacepede Bay is the geographical reason for the existence of the town of Kingston and the settlement of the surrounding district.

The South-East landscape inland from Kingston is very distinctive, unlike any other part of Australia. The land is very flat, its highest point at Jip Jip Rocks only 87m above sea level. It is crossed by a series of sand ridges, from five to twenty metres in height and a few kilometres apart, running roughly parallel to the coast with low-lying flat land between them. These features are called "ranges" in the South-East, and eastward from Kingston they become higher as they head inland; in succession the main ones are the Reedy Creek Range, West Avenue Range, East Avenue Range, Baker Range, Stewart Range and Naracoorte Range.

This landscape is very young, less than 400,000 years old. The South-East has gradually risen from the seabed over that time, and each sand ridge represents an old coastline: a line where the foreshore dunes consolidated for a time as sea levels rose and fell, only to be superseded in its turn as the landscape rose higher. Biscuit Flat, the coastal plain inland from Kingston, formed part of the bed of the Southern Ocean only a few thousand years ago. Beginning as loose beach sand, each ridge has been cemented into position by the formation of calcrete, as rainwater dissolves lime from marine shell fragments and redeposits it to form hard limestone layers. (Schwebel 1983)

This landscape of low-lying green flats dotted with river red gums (Eucalyptus camadulensis) and crossed by old coastal sand dunes starts to the north of the Kingston district, and runs south down through Naracoorte and Penola, dominating most of the lower South-East region as far as western Victoria and the south coast. The region's climate is the Mediterranean pattern of cool wet winters and hot dry summers. This meant that before the land was drained, the flats between the ranges were inundated for much of the winter.

The nearest thing to a river in the South-East is Reedy Creek, which in a wet winter flowed slowly north between the sand ridges from near Tantanoola all the way to the Coorong. In the summer months much of the porous landscape has no surface water, but there is a prolific underground freshwater drainage system (Holmes & Waterhouse 1983), and farmers and town-dwellers alike rely on bores tapping the aquifers.


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Jesse and Isabella Humphrys, James and Hannah Flower – Life in Somerset.

Jesse was a popular name for the Humphrys family as the above diagram shows (created from results of www.geni.com).
Jesse was born in Hassage village near Wellow in Somerset in 1835.

CLICK THIS for the Wikipedia's Wellow

His family had lived around Wellow Somerset for generations and his grand parents Jesse Humphrys b1772 , and Betty Thorn married in 1800 at St Julians Church Wellow.

His parents were Mark Humphrys b1803 and Sarah Dauncey who were also married in St Julians Church Wellow in 1827. The 1841 census has inferred the Humphrys were well represented in Hassage. (Hassage does not exist as a village these days. It is basically a large farm with only a dozen buildings/farm houses and a large Manor House built in the 15th century by gentry from Bristol. (see the Country Life article and photographs of Hassage Manor later)).

The Humphrys (Mark and his remaing sons and daughters) moved to Hemington (a few miles SW of Wellow) as a family by the 1851 census. They were still there in the 1914 Census, but his grand nephew Jesse J Humphrys lived in 45 City Road, Stokes Croft Bristol, in 1916 when Clarence Humphrys visited him when in the UK with the army. Mark’s brother (Thomas or Edward?) still lived in Hemington 1n 1916 according to Clarence’s diary.

Wellow, Hassage, Hemington, Faukland and Norton St Philip are very close to each oher and feature in the Humphrys family from www.geni.com and the UK census from 1841-1911.

CLICK THIS for the Wilipedia's Hemington

Isabella Flower b 1836 in Timsbury not far from Wellow was the eldest daughter of James Flower b1813 and Hannah Kembry (Kimbry/Hembrey?) b1812.

In the 1851 UK census, the Flower family (James 37, butcher, Hannah 38, Isabella 15 etc) lived at Bloomfield, just north of Timsbury village. The census also revealed that several of the other Flower families were living in Timsbury, and were working in the Timsbury Coal mines. There was a Farnham Flower, a James Flower and Hannah Flower operating a butcher shop in the village, but their ages in that census entry seemed wrong.. The following is a 1861 photo of the Slaughter House and Butcher Shop in Maggs Lane Timsbury (next to the Christadelphian Church) from the Historical Timsbury Website www.communitywalk.com/timsbury_somerset_uk.
The Tucker Family took over the Slaughter house and Butcher shop in 1861

Jesse and Isabella Humphrys – Life in Australia.

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1853 on the ship “David Malcolm” James and Hannah Flower with their children Rachel 15, Ann 12, Joseph 10, Elizabeth 7, Jabez 2 sailed to Adelaide S.A. It seems they convinced Jesse Humphrys a farm labourer who had married their eldest daughter Isabella to join them in their new life in South Australia.
1854 Jesse’s obituary (see later) suggested he worked for J. Johnson Reed Beds (West Beach) with his brother-in-law Joseph. In West Torrens Historical Society paper Capt J Johnson had section 223, and his property was called “Frogmore”, but Capt Johnson returned to England in 1866.(see Pastoral Pioneers V2, p233). Early records show Johnson ran 1,500 sheep and 200 cattle at “Frogmore” He was also a member of the “Nobs”, shareholders in the Princess Royal copper mines, south of the “Burra” mine. (Ian Auhl p40)
1860-1864, Jesse was able to buy sections in the Hd of Kooringa on the Hd Apoinga boundary (Stony Gap) (Lands Titles Office Historical Names Index) Jesse had come from Port Gawler to Stony Gap along with the Flower family, and they purchased adjoining holdings of over 1000acres each. The 1864 Almanac had it at Logan’s Flat. Their property was reported to be named “Bloomfield Farm” in the 1875 –1880 “Register” of 1875, and again in the 1880 Almanac, Jesse Humphrys, Sheepfarmer Bloomfield, Kooringa.
This is a photograph of a house near Farrell's Flat (10 miles west of Stony Gap), in the 1850's, which I imagine would have been similar to the Humphrys and Flower family farm houses, which have a very English Architecture about them.
The Family (James and Hannah Flower and children) had moved to Stony Gap/Black Springs in the Hd of Apoinga, The 1864 Almanac had the farm at “Logans Flat” where they were sheep farmers. (see later for the Flower family summary).
The Lands Titles Office Historical Names Index had the following Stony Gap sections purchased between 1863 and 1892. Note those in Green belonged to the James Flower family
Note: We think the Koonoona Station on the above map is the site of Jesse and Isabella's "Bloomfield". After Jesse moved to Hanson in the 1880's, he leased the Stony Gap properties to Koonoona Station.
The "Old Koonoona" station is marked on the modern maps adjacent section 181 Hd Koonoona. On a field visit in Nov 2014,we found a property at section 19 bearing a sign of "Old Koonoona Station", and section 14 had "Koonoona Station", I.E. & K.J.Geier. We also passed the School ruins.
Ian Auhl’s book p 157. :- Between 1845 and 1851 three main lines of road developed between Adelaide or Pt Adelaide and the Burra mines (1) via Gawler, Kapunda, Apoinga, Black Springs (2) Gawler, Kapunda, Springfield, and Black Springs (3) Gawler, Templars Inn, Stockport, Gilbertown, Saddleworth and Black Springs. At Black Springs, the presence of a permanent spring of good drinking water, fit for man and beast alike, made it a focal point 2 days distance from the mine.
P179 :- In July 1848 a surveyor G Young pioneered a route for Bullocks from Burra to the head of Gulf St Vincent and in November 1848 6 teams of Bullocks loaded with ore used the new route.
1854 Arrived at Port Adelaide, worked at Reedbeds for Mr. J.Johnson. . (William b1854).
1857 Jesse moved to Port Gawler with the Flower family where he had also bought a property, (Sarah b1857, and Alfred in b1859). Isabella’s parents were also at Port Gawler.
1859 They followed the Flower family to Stony Gap where Jesse and Isabella purchased large adjoining property sections 59. 50 Hd Apoinga. Jesse and Isabella had 6 more children (Jesse b1861, Flower b1863, Elijah Thorn b1865, Isabella H b1868, Emily H b1870, Mary Ann H b1873).
1860 Jesse buys s14 Hd Apoinga
1860 Rachel Flower marries Thomas Warnes , then a leasee of part of the Princess Royal pastoral property, and later at Koomooloo Station.
1861 Jesse buys s104 Hd Kooringa (44 acres) --- Jesse2 born
1863 Flower Humphrys born
1864 William Thorn Humphrys (Jesse’s brother) arrived on the ship “Northumberland” from Hassage England It is interesting to note that William Thorn Humphrys, Jesse’s younger brother purchased s454, 460 Hd Stanley, just below Black Springs, and in the Almanac 1874 and 1875. Black Springs seems to be a busy hub in the 1850-1860’s.
1864 Jesse buys 284ac s55, 56,61 and 160 acres, s15, 24 Hd Kooringa.
1864 Jesse buys Hd Apoinga s 203-207, 222-225, 263-264, 269-270 Black Springs/Emu Downs for £1234.
1865 Jesse buys s32, 33, 34 Elijah Thorn Humphrys born.
1866 Jesse buys s55, 56, 58, 61, 62 & 68 , s385 then at Emu Downs s222-224
1868 Isabella2 Humphrys born
1869 Jesse sells all Emu Downs property to Edmond Amand Wright, s15, 24 Hd Kooringa to W.Duffield.
1870 Emily Humphrys born
1873 Mary Ann Humphrys born
1873 Jesse, a member of the Apoinga council, which operated from chambers at Logan’s Gap from 1873. Note: Logans Gap is mid way between Stony Gap and Jesse’s other property at Emu Downs/Black Springs. Logans Gap is the site of Koomooloo Station, Rachel and Thomas Warnes, a Merino stud.
1874 Alfred Humphrys died aged 16 and was buried at Black Springs.
Register 1875 HUMPHRYS. - On the 24th March, at Bloomfield Farm, Stony Gap, Isabella, the beloved wife of Jesse Humphrys, leaving eight children and husband and friends to mourn their loss, aged 41.
1875 Isabella died at only 41years while giving birth to Elizabeth Humphrys (who also died). Isabella was buried at Black Springs along side Alfred Humphrys.
1876 Jesse married Mrs Grace Turner on 8/8/1876, a widow from Black Springs. (see the later section on the Turner family). She would have had 2 children at home (Eliza 15 and Thomas 13) and Jesse would have had 7 children at home, (Sarah (18), Elijah 16, Jesse2 15, Flower 13, Isabella 8, Emily 6 and Mary 3).
At this point I would have thought the pressure would have been to get a property that may have been closer to facilities that a growing family would require, and may have been the reason for Jesse deciding on the Hanson property. W. Duffield was a neighbour and part owner of The Koonoona Station, and had owned the Hanson property before selling it to Thomas Glasson. The property was very close to the town of Hanson/Farrell’s Flat

1876 the Almanac has Jesse as a farmer at Black Springs.
1877 William Mark Humphrys (21) marries Frances Ann Zincroft Jones, the Stony Gap school teachers daughter.
1879 Jesse buys s484, 843-848, 850 Hd Hanson (10kms from Stony Gap) from T Glasson (ex W.Duffield)
1879 Hd Mannanarie s203, and Hd Yongala s29 (adjoining) Jesse was an executor of estate of Charles Warner, and transferred the land to Joseph Flower and Thomas Warnes. (Rachel Flower’s husband). It was then leased to James Flower (younger), but sold to Charles Back Warnes in 1895.
1880 the Almanac has Jesse as a sheep farmer at Bloomfield Kooringa
1883 Sarah Humphrys of Hassage Farm marries Allen Duke of Penwortham.
1884 Jesse2 Humphrys married Emily Duke, at Penwortham, in 1884 and moved near Clare to farm.
1884 Almanac W.M.Humphreys was listed as a teamster at Kooringa.
1885 Jesse gets involved with a5, 6, 65 Town of Peterborough. Mark and Frances may have dabbled in a bakery as there is mentioned that Mark was a baker at some time (Biographical index of SA).
1885 Jesse2 leases sections 70,71,423,425 Hd Clare from the Longmires (CT214/60) see 1892.
1886 the Almanac has Jesse was a farmer near Hanson. (William was still at Black Springs).
1886 Stony Gap properties leased to Walter Duffield.
1887 William Thorn Humphrys moves from Mannanarie to Hamley Bridge.
1888 Emily Humphrys of Hassage Park married Thomas Henry Jones of Burra. (Emily / Thomas address on their Silver Wedding Anniv, was Magill Rd, Maylands. (Advertiser 23-5-1913)
1888 Flower Humphrys marries Mary Rogers, John Rogers of Baldina 3rd daughter.
1889 Isabella Register 28/10 SCRUTTON—HUMPHRYS. —12th October, at the residence of the bride's father, Herbert James, 3rd son of Thomas U. Scrutton, Blakiston, to Isabella, 2nd daughter of Jesse Humphrys, Hassage Farm, Davieston
1890 Elijah Thorn Humphrys and Luke and Julia Teddy’s daughter Mary (May) married.
1892 Jesse snr buys Hd Clare s70,71,423,425 from Ann Longmire, and leases the property out.
1895 Mary Ann Humphrys married Charles Hansen (Norwegian) (Chronicle 27 Aug 1895)
1903 Jesse Humphrys lays memorial stone for Hanson/Davies Church.
1908 Peterborough allotments sold by Frances Zincroft. Birth of a son to W.M.Humphrys at Burra!
1909 Jesse1 Humphrys dies and Estate Trustees are Flower and Elijah Humphrys.
· William Mark Humphrys (WA) and Jesse2 Humphrys get the Stony Gap properties.
· Flower Humphrys gets Hd Hanson s484, 846, 847, 848 and 850. (northern part.)
· Elijah Humphrys gets Hd Hanson s843, 844 and 845. (southern part).
· The Hd Clare property is left to the female of family in shares, eg 5/12th Sarah Duke, 5/12th Mary Hansen, 1/6th Charles Hansen.

Isabellas and Jesse’s Children were:-

The following is Jesse’s obituary, enhanced with some graphical summary from the Internet. BURRA January 1909

Jesse HUMPHRYS who died on Friday came from Somerset England. (buried in Black Springs) He was born in January 2 1835 in the town of Hassage in the parish of Wells. (Not a town any more but a private Estate centered around Hassage Manor ..see Country Life Magazine article of 1927?)

(His Grandparents were Jesse Humphrys b1772 Wellow and Betty Thorn m1800 in St Julians Church Wellow. His Parents were Mark Humphrys b 1803 and Sarah Dauncey m1827 in St Julians Church Wellow). With his wife (Isabella Flower) he sailed in the David Malcolm for South Australia and arrived on January 2 1854. He worked for Mr Joseph Johnston at the Reedbeds (with his brother-in-law James Flower) for a few years (William Mark H b1854) and then took up land at Port Gawler, where he carried on farming (Sarah Ann h b1857, Alfred Humphery H b 1859). After a time he sold his property there to Mr Brown and went in for land at Stony Gap, where he carried on sheep farming successfully (Jesse b1861, Flower b 1863, Elijah Thorn b1865, Isabella H b1868, Emily H b1870, Mary Ann H b1873). While there he filled offices as councillor and chairman of the District Council of Apoinga, and he helped to erect a temperance hall for church and school work at which he was trustee and treasurer. On March 24 1875, Mr Humphrys lost his wife. He had a family of eight children. Some time after he married Mrs Grace (nee Kent) Turner b1826 in Cornwall of Black Springs, who died on November 4 1903 (buried at Black Springs). After a few years Mr Humphrys left his farm at Stony Gap and bought a farm at Hanson. He resided there until his death. Mr Humphrys always took great interest in church work. He laid the foundation stone of the BiCentenary Church, Hanson and filled important offices in connection with the same. He began to fail after a serious operation at the age of 70. He left four sons and four daughters.

If you look at Joseph Flower’s obituary in the next section, it shows how close Jesse and Joseph were, especially in the early years. Another obituary from the Burra Record tells us more:-

OBITUARY Burra Record 1909. THE LATE Mr J. HUMPHRYS.
We have to record this week the death of a very old and highly respected resident of Hanson in the person of Mr Jesse Humphrys, senior., which took place on Friday. The deceased gentleman had been ailing tor some time from heart affection, and his age (74) did not improve matters. It was thought, however, that his removal to the Burra Hospital would secure for him the very best attention, and he was conveyed there some two or three weeks ago. The deceased was born in England, Somersetshire, town of Hassage, from which he named his homestead at Hanson, on Jan. 2, 1835, and came to South Australia in 1854, in the ship David Malcolm, bringing his wife with him. His first occupation was that of a farmer, and he started work at Port Gawler ; then in 1880, he took up land at Hanson, and resided there for 29 years, or until his death. He leaves four daughters— Mrs J Duke (Hanson), Mrs H J Scrutton (Petersburg), Mrs T H Jones (Maylands, Adelaide), Mrs C Hanson [Port Pirie) ; four sons— Mr W M Humphrys (Brookton, W.A.), Mr J Humphrys (Snow town), Mr F Humphrys (Hanson), and Mr Elijah Thorn Humphrys (Hanson). He has been connected with church work for the past 47 years, and while at Hanson he filled all offices, such as chairman of trustees, treasurer, superintendent of Sunday-school, and when the new church was built at Hanson he laid the foundation stone. The deceased was married twice his first wife dying in 1875 and the second in 1902. The remains of the deceased were taken to Hanson on Saturday, and the funeral took place from his late residence on Sunday, for interment in the Black Springs cemetery when despite the intense heat, over 40 vehicles look part in the procession, while friends from all parts of the district were present. The Rev R C Yeoman conducted the burial ser rice, and Mr C J Pearce had charge of. the Funeral arrangements.

The following article from the Kapunda Herald on 11 December 1908, describes his life in South Australia

Wheat at 20/ per Bushel at Burra. There is a considerable difference in the price of wheat at present and 1854 when Mr. Jesse Humphrys of Hanson , arrived in this State. This gentleman can tell some interesting stories of life in South Australia in the early days. Mr. Humphrys, who is at present a resident of Hanson, arrived in the ship David Malcolm, in 1854, and points out that at this time the majority of the streets in the City were not laid out, and buildings were few and far between. The first engagement Mr. Humphrys entered into was with a Mr. Johnson, farmer and grazier, at the Reedbeds, and his first work was wheat cleaning as they did it in South Australia. Wheat-growing was then a profitable venture, the price being 20/ per bushel. Mr. Humphrys, after about two years' experience, took up land on his own behalf at Port Gawler, and afterwards came north to Stony Gap, After varied experiences and much hard toil, he let his farm at Stony Gap and decided to settle down at Hanson, where he had taken up about 600 acres. Time went on and Mr. Humphrys was fairly successful, and after a while decided to have a well-earned rest, and the farm was worked by his sons. The value of combining wheat-growing and sheep farming was proved, and Mr. Humphrys always acted upon this experience, which has been so profitable to many old residents of these parts of recent years.

Hassage Manor Country Life Article (1920s)

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The following is the text I have tried to decypher from the Country Life article of the 1920s. It was an image that advertised the selling of the original article from the magazine on Ebay, but that image was a bit grainy… Neil
CLICK THIS for the image of the Country Life 1920's article
CLICK THIS for the Listed Building at Hassage.
CLICK THIS for the Quick facts of Hassage and Hemington. (and Aerial Photo)

Between Radstock and Frome is as sequestered (Secluded?) a tract of country as you will find in Somerset Shire which is saying a lot.The lanes traversing it are deep, steep and dilatory, winding among woods and along little valleys with the vaguest sense of direction. The parishin which Hassage is included is appropriately called Wellow, and it is not far from Norton St Philip, where is the celebrated old ???. When John Leland rode through this country he called it “champagne ground”, a term best describes its fat? fertility. Though there are no great houses in the immediate, it contains a number of manor houses, mostly dating from the seventeenth century and possessed of no little architecture merit.. They were inhabited by small gentry, farming their domestic land, who inter-married with merchants and parsons, and bred men for the same vocation.

These houses are built of the local oolitic? (a limestone composed of minute rounded concretions resembling fish roe, in some places altered to ironstone by replacement with iron oxide.) Stone, supplemented sometimes with stone of a better quality from quarries nearer Bath, and roofed with stone tiles. There is generally a small forecourt between the house and the road, often with a pair of fine gate piers and an “upping stock” for the convenience of riders. Nearby a walled garden, a bowling green, a pigeon cot and barn usually complete the amenities.

The history of this particular group of manors is in most cases the same. For centuries part of the great Hungerford estate centering on Farleigh Castle, before the close of the seventeenth century they were dispersed, owing it is said, to the foolish extravagance of a spendthrift lord, to be acquired byprosperous clothiers from Frome and Bradford (on Avon, of course).

Sometimes Bristol was the scene where these respectable families took their rise. Often too, the successful trader was the younger ones of an ancient family entitled to bear coats of arms.

Hassage is typical of this local sequence. Standing on the side of a steep little valley, its main entrance used to be from the north between a pair of piers formally surmounted by vases (fig 2), to a front door recessed between the projecting East and West blocks. The gate-piers are echoed by a pair of lusty Yews, which were, no doubt clipped into Obelisks or Peacocks. Nowadays the North entrance (fig 1) is that generally used, and on its fine??lar porch is the date 1677.

Previously to that time, the history of the manor is obscure, and it was probably a Hungerford property. But in 1676, a Henry Coles, son of John Coles of Frome, is met with an “of Hassage” and demissing? to William Coles, a chamber over the little kitchen in the house called Hassage Farm.

The House consistes of two blocks lying either side of an entrance passage, the westerly and older one gabled, the easterly built by Henry Coles, nearly square in plan with a hipped roof containing dormers with oval windows..The south elevation of this block is a delightful example of the regional architecture during Charles II’s reign. In the porch the Gothic tradition survives, but the adjoining east block isfollowing hot on the trail blazed by Inigo Jones a generation earlier.

The larger evenley spaced windows and the strong horizontal lines betaken the change in tradition that had taken place even in the most out of way districts. The oval windows were a favourite feature with the masons of the Bath district. The two tucked upin the roofhere are charming little appendages.

The entrance passage forms an ingenious point between the earlier and later blocks. The north end of it, with a pleasant renaissance portal, is curiously set back. Within it is the handsome oak staircase illustrated in Fig. 3 with its flat banisters and ball crowned newells. In one the ground floor rooms is a huge carved chimney piece (fig 4) probably of 1677, with a small Georgian one inserted beneath it sometime when the rooms were divided up and was moved. The Coles survived at Hassage till 1739, when two sisters succeeded, and the place, no doubt, maintained its position as the house of a small squire till the Napoleonic wars. Then taxation and the cost of living made Genteel? Pretensions? more and more difficult. But nothing could impair the houses’s intrinsic nobility of ??????. C.H.

CLICK THIS for the History of St Julian's Wellow
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James, Hannah Flower and family - Life in Australia.

In 1853 on the ship “David Malcolm” James and Hannah Flower with their children Rachel 15, Ann 12, Joseph 10, Elizabeth 7, Jabez 2 sailed to Adelaide S.A.
1854 The Flowers and Jesse Humphrys worked at Reedbeds for Mr J. Johnson (See Pastoral Pioneers v2) and in Auhls book, he (J.J) was one of the shareholders of the Princess Royal copper mine. The mine was not profitable and the section reverted to pastoral use. It could be deduced that James Flower had heard of the area through his employer (J.J) and may have influenced his decision to go there. Thomas Warnes had been working in the area for some years and leased 5,000 acres of the Princess Royal section. The Register record’s Rachel’s marriage to Thomas Warnes, “daughter of James Flower late of Pt Gawler”, see the section on Thomas and Rachel Warnes for much more detail.
1858 According to the Lands Titles Office’s Historical Names Index, James Flower purchased sections 18,19,52,53,57,123,126,127,131 and 132 in the Hundred of Apoinga in about 1858.
1860 Rachel Flower marries Thomas Warnes, (see Pastoral Pioneers v2) who eventually owned Koomooloo Station at Logan’s Gap. (It is now a world famous Merino Stud). Register 12/6/1860 WARNES— FLOWER.— On the 9th June, by special licence, by the Rev. D.J. H. Ibbetson, at Stony Gap. Apoinga, Thomas Warnes, to Rachel Flower, second daughter of James Flower, farmer, late of Port Gawler.
1862 Joseph Flower marries Catherine Calliss of Canowie at Stony Gap (they have 1st child at Canowie).
1862 James Flower leases s 92,121,122,133 from Thomas Carter.
1864 James buys a huge tract of sections, 42,43,44,45,47,104,105,106,111 and 112. Joseph Flower's obituary said "Their home at Stony Gap was noted for its hospitality and particularly in connection with Methodism the name Flower ranked high above at the gap. The homestead was alongside this little back country church (since demolished) and was always open to ministeres and worshippers alike”. This would mean the homestead was on either section 18 or 19, and is probably on the site where the farm "Old Koonoona" now exists. On the satellite map, we see a homestead on an intersection of creeks coming from hills.
1867 James purchased sections 123,126,127,131 and 132.

Jesse and Isabella Humphrys (Isabella was James and Hannah’s eldest daughter) bought land very near and interestly they called their property Bloomfield Farm, which is the place the Flower family lived in Timsbury in Somerset UK. (See earlier map and 1851 UK Census )

From the early newspapers (“The Register”) we get some history:-
1870 James transfers lease s 92,121,122,133 from Thomas Carter to Joseph and Jabez Flower. Jabez was later to marry Elizabeth Carter.
1871 James carves off part section 18 for Stony Gap Church (trustees Porter, J.Flower, Jesse1 H, W.Scott.)
1874 Jabez Flower marries Elizabeth Carter of Golden Grove at North Adelaide.
1879 James Flower sells sects 127, 132 to Walter Duffield.
1879 Joseph Flower + Thomas and Rachel(Flower) Warnes purchase s29, 203 Hd Mannanarie, then leased to James Flower the younger. (Note :thru Jesse1 Humphrys & Thomas Warner as Executors)
1883 WHITE-WARNER. On the 27th June, at the Stony Gap Wesleyan Church, by licence, by the Rev. J. C. Hill, John James, second son of Mr. John White, to Elizabeth Louisa, second daughter of Ann (Flower) and Robert Warner.
1887 James Flower (eldest son of Joseph) marries Emily Selina Dunn of Black Springs.
1890 Hannah Flower dies 77 years at Stony Gap. Register 27/5/1890 FLOWER.- On the 17th May, at her residence, Stony Gap, Hannah, beloved wife of James Flower, aged 77 years. Her end was peace.
1891 James Flower dies 77 years. Executors are William Pearce (Grocer Kooringa) and Joseph Flower.
1891 Ann Warner (nee Flower) is left sections 53 and 52 Hd Apoinga with a Life Tenure.
1893 Rebecca Flower (Josephs eldest daughter) marries George Parker at Stony Gap.
1894 Rachel (Flower) Warnes dies. Burra cemetery with husband Thomas Warnes d1896.
1895 Joseph sells/gifts s29, 203 Hd Mannanarie to Charles Back Warnes of Koomooloo (Rachels son?)
1895 Joseph Flower gets Sections 18, 19, 57, 123 and 126 Hd Apoinga,
1896 Thomas Warnes dies. Burra Record 22July 1896 . (death 15/7/1896 @ Rugby St College Park 58yo)
1900 Almanac had Robert Warner as teamster Stony Gap Black Springs
1910-15 Almanac has Robert & Thomas Warner as a labourers Redruth Burra (may be a son)
1910 Catherine (Callis) Flower dies.(Joseph’s wife).
1910 Joseph and Jabez Flower ‘s lease finishes and transferred to Saul and Walter Carter.
1917 Ann Warner (nee Flower) dies and sects 52,53 sold to W.G.Hawkes of Koonoona.
1917 Robert Warner Dies.
Note: James Flower had William Pearce (Grocer Kooringa) and Joseph Flower as executors of his will. William Pearce came to Australia on the ship “David Malcolm” in 1848. This is the same ship but different date that the Flower family emigrated. He was a active member of the Burra Lodge and its financial secretary. He took an active role in the Wesleyan Church.

11a. Rachel (Flower) 1839-1894 and Thomas Warnes (1838-17/7/1896)

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In 1853 on the ship “David Malcolm” James and Hannah Flower with their children Rachel 15, Ann 12, Joseph 10, Elizabeth 7, Jabez 2 sailed to Adelaide S.A.

Extracted from “Pastoral Pioneers of South Australia Vol2”, Thomas Warnes was born at Kings Lynn Norfolk in 1838. His father was a farmer who went in for high-class stock and hand feeding, and was in a fairly big way as a dealer. Thomas initially joined the British Army but did not see any action. Being one of a large family and anticipating the slump in the old country that would follow the repatriation of a large body of soldiers, he sought permission to migrate direct to South Australia from the Crimea but was forced to return to England. Almost immediately afterwards he set out for the antipodes and Mt Gambier district was his first fancy, and in that locality did a lot of well sinking, and took up land there but the conditions did not suit him. Mr Warnes was destined for the dry country. He went north and engaged in a variety of contracting work for Mr Hayward and Mr James on Canowie. Among other tasks he fenced in the square mile paddock on that run. About three years was spent at Canowie, and with his savings bought a bullock team and went in for carting on behalf of station owners.
In 1859 he took on shearing and travelled all through the north plying the blades. By this time the Norfolk man had obtained a good knowledge of pastoral conditions in the land of his adoption. His breeding and his experience among stock in England well fitted him for something better than fencing, bullock punching, well sinking and shearing for other people and only lack of capital had prevented him from making an earlier start on his own account. However his chance came in 1862.
The southern half of the special survey covering the Burra copper mining area had fallen to the lot of the :Nobs” (of which one member was Joseph Johnson of Reed Beds) who worked the property with considerable success for a time. Then water was struck at 30 fathoms and the capital and proceeds of the mine being expended, the shareholders lost heart and resolved their property should revert to the pastoral interest. It had been named the Princess Royal and Mr Warnes secured a lease of 5,000 acres and built a house on the east side of the run known as the Devil’s Hole Creek. He had the assistance of a splendid wife, nee Rachel Flower, whose people came from Bristol. She was a really practical woman who worked as hard on the run as her husband himself did. Mr Warnes fenced the property with wire and stakes, made provision for water and stocked it with sheep. After he had spent 6 years there, Mr Alexandra McCulloch bought the Devils Hole country as part of the Princess Royal station that came wholly into his possession and the Warnes family shifted to the banks of the Burra Creek and made their home in the buildings that belonged to an old tannery. Burra copper mine was in full swing and one of the greatest nuisances he had to contend with was in the shape of droves of dogs that came out from the township and worried his sheep. He was a great rifle shot and he used to talk of the satisfying glee he felt at bowling over a mongrel on the run. For some years the sheep had to be constantly shepherded.
Mr Warnes saw out his lease and in addition to sheep farming he went in for breeding draught brood mares and stud Shorthorn cattle. He had the satisfaction of selling a bull to that prince of Shorthorn breeders, John Howard Angas. He also kept a racehorse or two and patronised the country turf gatherings. Those were the days when there was a more homely feeling between the shearers and their employers and the annual shearer’s races formed the event of the station year. A mare called Lanky was one of Mr Warnes best racehorses and on one occasion a shearer rode her to victory bareback. Once he had got a fair start Mr Warnes proceeded to extend his operations at Telechie, Bimbowrie (a piece bears his name today), Emu Downs, Dustholes (which was successful partnership with Mr George Church until lease expiry in 1890). Portion of Dustholes is now known as Wollgangie and later owned by Mr C.B. Warnes. In 1867 Mr Warnes took up a preferential right at 2s 6d a mile to the block now known as Old Koomooloo and 2 years later he secured a pastoral lease of it. He put down wells at great expense with not much success. Later Mr Warnes established himself at what is known now as Koomooloo where he built a fine house surrounded by 22,000 acres of land. The Dustholes and Sturt Vale were added, but in 1888 a government Resumption Act upset his holdings. ( See Pastoral Pioneers for more details).
Koomooloo Limited is now (1923-1927) a business of two of his sons, Mr Isaac J, and Mr T.W. Warnes, who have 600 miles of country supporting 28,000 sheep, which at last shearing yielded over 1,000 bales of wool. A romantic development of their father’s humble start of ten ewes and 2 rams. Thomas Warnes always kept a good class of sheep, he bred his own rams, with the occasional introduction of Canowie blood and in 1889 he topped the market at the Adelaide wool sales. The sheep he exhibited were described as 4 tooths, and their breeding was Canowie rams – Koomooloo ewes, and he won gold and silver medals for the wool of Merino rams and ewes. He was a member of the Vermin Board, founders of Burra Hospital, chairman for Burra and Mt Bryan District Councils and a director in a Teetulpa Gold Mine (which produced 23,000 oz). For several years prior to his death Mr Warnes had lived at Glenelg and member of the Yacht Club. His death occurred on July 15 1896 at College Park following an illness contracted through going down an underground tank. The funeral was a Kooringa cemetery.

Newspaper reports:-
Register 12/6/1860 WARNES— FLOWER.— On the 9th June, by special licence, by the Rev. D.J. H. Ibbetson, at Stony Gap. Apoinga, Thomas Warnes, to Rachel Flower, second daughter of James Flower, farmer, late of Port Gawler.
1860 Rachel Flower marries Thomas Warnes, a leasee of a Princess Royal run.
1875 Warnes birth of a son at Princess Royal.
1877 Warnes birth of a daughter 18 Dec at Princess Royal.
1878 Harriet Warnes of Kooringa 20 Feb m James Warnes merchant from Kings Lynn Newcastle-on-Tyne at Pirie St Wesleyan Church
1879 Warnes still born birth of a daughter at Princess Royal
1879 Warnes James 15 April birth of a daughter at Sod Hut Ranges
1881 Warnes birth of a son at Princess Royal
1886 Warnes Warnes. Mary Rachel eldest daughter of Thomas Warnes Koomooloo m John T Warnes, Kings Lynn England
1891 Warnes John F m Stewart Annie, at St Cuthberts Prospect, John F eldest son of Thomas Warnes of Koomooloo
1891 Warnes John F 24 Oct a daughter
1894 Warnes Rachel, 58yo 15 Oct dies at her residence in Kooringa, dearly loved wife of Thomas
1895 Warnes De Rose 27 Feb Congregational Church Glenelg, Alf son of Capt G.S. De Rose of Adelaide to Emma 3rd daughter of Thomas Warnes ex Koomooloo
1896 Warnes John F of Koomooloo 15 Jan a daughter
1896 Thomas Warnes. Burra Record. (death 15/7/1896 @ Rugby St College Park 58yo) The death is announced of Mr. Thomas Warnes, a well-known and successful pastoralist and woolgrower. Mr. Warnes, who died at College Park on Wednesday, has been ill for some months, and the news of his decease did not come as a surprise to his friends. Mr. Warnes arrived in the colony in 1855, and first went to Mount Gambier, where he stayed a few months before coming back to Adelaide. Subsequently he made his way to the north, doing different kinds of work till 1862, when he leased the Princess Royal block of land from the Burra Mining Association, on which he first started sheepfarming and lived for 24 years. In 1868 Mr. Warnes took up a pastoral block, and in 1875 named it Koomooloo, which was afterwards changed to Old Koomooloo. In 1872 he sank the first dam on Koomooloo, and gradually improved the property year by year. In 1885 he and his family moved to Old Koomooloo to live, but as the lease expired in 1891 and as he did not care to take up the Old Koomooloo again, he removed three years ago to Koomooloo proper, where he formed another station, putting up new buildings and yards such as are required to work a sheep station. Mr. Warnes as a wool grower was very successful, for many years obtaining the highest prices in the Adelaide market for his clip from the north-east. He was also successful as an exhibitor of wool from the dry country, always getting first prize for his exhibits at the Adelaide shows. At the Adelaide Jubilee he carried off the two first awards for wool from saltbush country, beating wool from the other four colonies. During the following year he sent two exhibits of wool to the Sydney Centennial Exhibition, where he carried off the champion gold and silver medals for exhibits of rams' and ewes' wool, he being the only one who brought honors to South Australia for wool. He was a member of the Vermin Board, and in 1890 was placed on the Central Land Board, a position he held for three years. He also served in the Burra and Mount Bryan District Councils, and for some years he was a director of the Alma Gold Mining Company. In summer months Mr. Warnes and his family have been accustomed to live at Glenelg, and for the last two or three years, Mr. Warnes had been an active supporter of the Commemoration Day carnival. He al ways exhibited a keen interest in acquatics, and was generally secured as judge of any acquatic sports held at Glenelg. He was a member of the Holdfast Bay Yacht Club and of the Austral Club. Five sons and four daughters survive him. Mrs. Warnes (Rachel Flower) died about two years ago. On Friday afternoon the body was brought to Burra, and on the arrival of the mid-day train a large cortege left the railway station and proceeded to the Kooringa Cemetery. Representatives from all parts of the district were present to pay the last tribute of respect to one they respected. The Rev. R. S. Casely conducted the burial service at the grave.
1897 Warnes Amy 17 May m Edgar Walter Hamer @ St Pauls Adelaide, Amy 2nd daughter of Thomas Warnes decd ex of Koomooloo
1900 Warnes Isaac J, 3rd son of Thomas Warnes decd of Koomooloo m Mary J. Fairbrother, youngest daughter of Thomas Fairbrother of Fern Ave Fullarton.
1901 Warnes Thomas William, 2rd son of Thomas Warnes decd of Koomooloo m Deborah. Fairbrother, 3rd surviving daughter of Thomas fairbrother of Fern Ave Fullarton.
1901 Warnes Hannah Louisa youngest daughter of Thomas Warnes decd of Koomooloo m Frederick J Wimble of Adelaide at Christ Church Blayney NSW
1901 Warnes 18 Sept at Fullarton, a daughter to Mr and Mrs T.W. Warnes of Koomooloo
1902 Warnes 24 Dec Deborah dies, beloved wife of T.W.Warnes of Koomooloo
1903 Warnes Charles Back 4th son of late Thomas Warnes Koomooloo m at All Souls Church St Peters 24 Oct to Gertrude Alice Hawkes, daughter of the late George Hawkes St Peters
1927 Warnes Claridge Mary only daughter of T W Warnes Koomooloo 27 Sept Herbert Monte Jackman of H.L.Jackman Stanley St North Adelaide at St Augustines Church Unley
1927 Warnes Thomas William at 148 Beulah Rd Norwood formerly Koomooloo aged 60.
1939 October 10th AUCTIONS Special Sheep Sale BURRA Tuesday, October 10 at 1.45 p.m. GOLDSBROUGH. MORT & CO LIMITED will offer by auction as under: Including : — Account L. J. WARNES & SONS LIMITED, Direct from "Koomooloo" — 3,000 Ewes, 15 months old, April hand shorn, in forward to fat condition; 1,000 Ewes, 2 years old, 3½ per cent. "Koomooloo" Rams Joined, due to lamb 14th November, hand shorn April, in fat to prime order; 2,500 Ewes, 3 years old, 4 per cent. Koomooloo Rams joined, due to lamb 14th November, in forward to fat order; 533 Ewes, 2 years old, December hand shorn, not mated; 540 - 2 year. Wethers, December hand shorn; 100 - 3 year Ewes, December hand shorn, not mated; 600 - 5, 6, and 7 year old Ewes, guaranteed sound mouth, not mated, hand shorn December; 100 aged Ewes, hand shorn December; 340 - 5, 6 and 7 year old Ewes, guaranteed sound mouth, hand shorn January; 126 Wether Hoggetts, hand shorn January; 177 Ewe Hoggetts, hand shorn January. The whole of the foregoing are all picked ewes and the condition throughout is excellent. Intending purchasers can attend this sale with every confidence as it affords an opportunity of securing splendid straight lines of station bred ewes.

11b. Ann (Flower) 1843 –1901 and Robert Warner (18 – 1917 )

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1843 Ann Flower born at Timsbury, Somerset UK
1853 on the ship “David Malcolm” James and Hannah Flower with their children Rachel 15, Ann 12, Joseph 10, Elizabeth 7, Jabez 2 sailed to Adelaide S.A.
1883 WHITE-WARNER. On the 27th June, at the Stony Gap Wesleyan Church, by licence, by the Rev. J. C. Hill, John James, second son of Mr. John White, to Elizabeth Louisa, second daughter of Ann (Flower) and Robert Warner.
1890 Hannah Flower dies 77 years at Stony Gap. Register 27/5/1890 FLOWER.- On the 17th May, at her residence, Stony Gap, Hannah, beloved wife of James Flower, aged 77 years. Her end was peace.
1891 James Flower dies 77 years. Executors are William Pearce (Grocer Kooringa) and Joseph Flower.
1891 Ann Warner (nee Flower) is left sections 53 and 52 Hd Apoinga with a Life Tenure.
1900 Almanac had Robert Warner as teamster Stony Gap Black Springs.
1901 Ann Warner (nee Flower) died 3 Feb 1901
1910-15 Almanac has Robert & Thomas Warner as a labourers Redruth Burra (may be a son)
1917 Ann Warner (nee Flower) died in 3 Feb 1901, but her sects 52,53 were eventually sold in 1917 to W.G.Hawkes of Koonoona.
1917 The funeral of the late Mr. Robert Warner, whose death was recorded last week, took place on the 17th December, and a large number of his old friends attended to pay a last tribute to him. Deceased, who was much respected was a native of Cheapside, London, and came to South Australia in 1852. He immediately settled in this district, living in and within a few miles of Burra until his death. He leaves a family of seven, as follows— David Robert, Burra; Herbert John, Lyndust; Edgar Warner, Laura ;Mrs Fradd and Mrs Carter, Beetaloo; Mrs Whyte, Farrell's Flat; Mrs Crack, Erskine. There are also 22 grandchildren and 2 great-grandchildren.

11c. Joseph and Catherine (Calliss) (1910) Flower

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Their children were:-
· Jas Flower (Braefoot Burra)
· William Flower (Tambleup WA),
· Joseph Flower (Canowie Belt)
· Frank Flower (Lower Light).
· John Flower died some years ago.
· Mrs Geo Parker (Leighton)
· S Jeffery (Aberdeen)
· M Jefferey (Porters Lagoon)
· GC Heinreich (Sturt Vale Station)
· G Cavanagh (Bright)
· J Phillips (Waterloo
In 1853 on the ship “David Malcolm” James and Hannah Flower with their children Rachel 15, Ann 12, Joseph 10, Elizabeth 7, Jabez 2 sailed to Adelaide S.A.
1854 Jesse Humphrys’s obituary suggested he worked for J. Johnson Reed Beds (West Beach) with his brother-in-law Joseph in 1854. Capt J Johnson had section 223, and his property was called “Frogmore”, but Capt Johnson returned to England in 1866.(see Pastoral Pioneers V2, p233). Early records show Johnson ran 1,500 sheep and 200 cattle at “Frogmore” He was also a member of the “Nobs”, shareholders in the Princess Royal copper mines, south of the “Burra” mine. (Ian Auhl p40).
Register 12/6/1860 WARNES— FLOWER.— On the 9th June, by special licence, by the Rev. D.J. H. Ibbetson, at Stony Gap. Apoinga, Thomas Warnes, to Rachel Flower, second daughter of James Flower, farmer, late of Port Gawler. The marriage announcement of Rachel shows that Jesse, Isabella, Joseph and James and Hannah Flower and children all came from Port Gawler after Reedbeds.
1860 Rachel Flower (Josephs older sister) marries Thomas Warnes. Note: Thomas Warnes had worked on Canowie Station and would have recommended Joseph go to Canowie for work.
1864 Joseph and Catherine marry.
1865 Joseph and Catherine left Canowie to return to Stony Gap, James Flower (jnr) born
1865 Emily. G. Dunn born (to marry James(jnr)
1867 Josephs parents, James and Hannah Flower purchased sections 123,126,127,131 and 132. He then leased adjoining sections 92,121,122 and 133 from Thomas Carter for Joseph and Jabez Flower to run. Jabez was later to marry Elizabeth Carter.
1879 Joseph Flower + Thomas and Rachel(Flower) Warnes purchase s29, 203 Hd Mannanarie, then leased to James Flower the younger. (Note :thru Jesse1 Humphrys & Thomas Warner as Executors)
1887 James Flower younger (eldest son of Joseph) marries Emily Selina Dunn of Black Springs
1890 Hannah Flower dies 77 years at Stony Gap. Register 27/5/1890 FLOWER.- On the 17th May, at her residence, Stony Gap, Hannah, beloved wife of James Flower, aged 77 years. Her end was peace.
1891 James Flower dies 77 years. Executors are William Pearce (Grocer Kooringa) and Joseph Flower.
1893 Rebecca Flower (Josephs eldest daughter) marries George Parker at Stony Gap.
1895 Joseph sells/gifts s29, 203 Hd Mannanarie to Charles Back Warnes of Koomooloo (Rachels son?)
1895 Joseph Flower gets Sections 18, 19, 57, 123 and 126 Hd Apoinga,
1910 Catherine (Calliss) Flower dies.(Joseph’s wife).
1910 Joseph and Jabez Flower ‘s lease finishes and transferred to Saul and Walter Carter.
1918 Ray James Calliss Flower 32nd battn AIF dies of wounds Maorlancourt France

Burra Record 22 September 1926 The death of Joseph Flower which occurred on Sept 13th removes one of the earliest pioneers of Burra District, and also State. Born at Timsbury in March 4th 1842, he left England with his parents (James Flower 1813-1891 and Hannah Kembrey 1812-1890) in Oct 1853 in the ship “David Malcolm” and landed at Pt Adelaide in January 1854. He first worked for Mr Joseph Johnson at the Reedbeds, remaining there for three years. Left there and went shepherding at Gawler for a while. Then started bullocking and carting on the roads, working for Dr Brown of Buckland Park
[**Buckland Park A subdivision of section 49 and others, Hundreds of Port Gawler and Port Adelaide. It derives its name from a property in the area established by Messrs William Allen and John Ellis and named by subsequent owners, J.H. and W.J. Browne, after some previous English associations in Devon. Dr W.J. Browne's obituary is in the Register, 7 December 1894, page 5c where his Devonshire property is shown as 'Buckland Filleigh']. until March 1859 when the family removed to Stony Gap, where his father had taken up land. They got a bad start, as the year was a very bad one, and not sufficient rain fell to make the grass grow, and for the whole year stock had to be fed on sheoak etc causing much sickness them (another old resident Mr M Quinn of Waterloo informed us recently that year he drove a wagon team over Porters Lagoon which was dry on account of the terrible drought) As many of the stock were dying he took his swag and his mother gave him a pound note and he struck out for His first job was fencing at Canowie, 2000 posts at 2d a post and hole, posts to be stood in hole.
[** Joseph’s sister Rachel married Thomas Warnes in 1862, and in the Pastoral Pioneers V2 we see Thomas Warnes worked at Canowie Station, hence we can say that Warnes recommended Joseph try working there. quote: of contracting work for Mr Hayward and Mr James on Canowie. Among other tasks he fenced in the square mile paddock on that run. About three years was spent at Canowie, and with his savings bought a bullock team and went in for carting on behalf of station owners.] He afterwards assisted the station in all duties. Sheep then had to be shepherded. Left Canowie in 1865 and went back to Stony Gap. The year 1866 was the worst season he ever experienced as no rain fell until September, and when it stared it never ceased for a week and by the end of October with other showers the feed was 2-3feet high. Mr Flower saw many ups and downs during his later life as farmer and grazier but through it all maintained an optimistic spirit that was characteristic of him right up to his death. He married Miss Catherine Callis (1864?) and reared a family of five sons and six daughters. Their home at Stony Gap was noted for its hospitality and particularly in connection with Methodism the name Flower ranked high above at the gap. The homestead was alongside this little back country church (since demolished) and was always open to ministeres and worshippers alike. He had a fine Christian spirit and was never weary in well doing and was assisted by his first wife and family in all his church work and since his removal from the Gap had been a most regular attendant at church until his last illness. For 16 years he sat as councillor in the Apoinga District Council. He was also a life-long member and good supporter of the Burra Agricultural Show Society ever since its inception and only absent at one show. He enjoyed wonderful health and until his seizure some weeks ago never needed medical attention, a wonderful record for a man in his 85th year. He leaves a family of four surviving sons Mr Jas Flower (Braefoot Burra) William Flower (Tambleup WA), Mr Joseph Flower (Canowie Belt) Frank Flower (Lower Light). John Flower died some years ago. Six daughters, Mrs Geo Parker (Leighton) S Jeffery (Aberdeen) M Jefferey (Porters Lagoon) GC Heinreich (Sturt Vale Station) G Cavanagh (Bright) J Phillips (Waterloo) 48 grandchildren and 23 great grandchildren.

From Wikipedia:- Canowie or Canowie Station is a pastoral lease located about 18 kilometres (11 mi) north west of Hallett and 23 kilometres (14 mi) south west of Terowie in the state of South Australia. Canowie station is situated midway between Hallett and Jamestown in an amphitheatre of green bald hills, which surround it on the western side, the eastern opening out into a broad valley. The country around is bare of timber, with the exception of plantations of various kinds of eucalypt planted around 1880. The estate consisted principally of rich land, well suited for agriculture, about 60,000 acres in extent, freehold, and depastured 60,000 sheep and about 1000 pure Shorthorn cattle.

Mr James Flower (jnr) 1863-1937), who passed away at his residence, 'Mowerville' Braefoot, near Burra, on the 17th February, was born at Canowie in August of 1863, and was the eldest son of the late Mr and Mrs Joseph Flower. When a small boy, his father took up land at Stony Gap, near Burra, and the family left Canowie to reside there. He remained at home until his marriage in September, 1887 to Miss Emily Dunn, of Black Springs when the young couple went to Yongala to live & for twenty years they followed farming pursuits at that placed . In 1907 he and his family removed to Braefoot, where he took an active part .in farming until about twelve' years -ago, when indifferent health, compelled him to resort- to grazing and sharefarming which he carried on until his death. The deceased gentleman was a trustee of the Ironmine Methodist Church, Treasurer of the Church Trust and church 'steward for many years and had also held office as circuit steward of the Redruth circuit. He was also closely associated with the Burra Burra Show Society and for many years was a member of the committee and a steward. 'Interested in the welfare of the district, the late Mr Flower for a number of years, represented North Ward in the District Council of Hanson'. ' He was also a member of the Rechabite Lodge for over 50 years. The funeral took place at Kooringa on the 19th February when the large attendance' and immense cortege testified-. to the great- respect in which the deceased gentleman was held, also his family. The cortege was one of the longest seen in Burra. for many many years: The service was conducted by the Rev. A. Dyer and the funeral arrangements by Messrs C. J. Pearce' and Son. He; -is survived by his wife, three daughters,- Mrs Jas. Holmes, Sod Hut; Mrs TV. H. Lloyd, Ironmine; Mrs G. Hurray, Honiton, Yorke Peninsula; and one son, Mr C. Flower, of Adelaide. His eldest son, Pte. Ray James Calliss Flower, fell in the Great War. For full details See http://static.awm.gov.au/images/collection/pdf/RCDIG1042560--1-.PDF

Mrs. Emily. G. (Dunn) Flower (1865-1945), of Burra North, passed away on August 25, at the Burra Hospital after a brief illness. She was a daughter of the late Mr and Mrs. Henry Dunn, of 'Barton Hill'' Black -Springs and was born on February 19, 1865. In the year 1887 she was married to the late Mr. James Flower of 'Stony Gap' in the Black Springs Methodist Church. The couple went to reside at Yongala and remained there for about 20 years, after which Mr. Flower purchased land at 'Braefoot' some six miles west of Burra. The family remained at 'Braefoot' until Mr. Flower died about eight years ago. The late Mrs. Flower then purchased a property in Burra North and resided there until the time of her death. Throughout her lifetime she was a loyal and devoted member of the Methodist Church and was president of the Ladies' Guild a t Ironmine for about ten years. At the tine of her death she was president of the Redruth Ladies' Committee of the Redruth Methodist Manse. She did much good work in the district and it was always, her pleasure to visit the sick and to help the distressed. Her love of children, home and friends, was very sincere. Four children survive to cherish her memory — Effie (Mrs J. S. B. Holmes, Burra), Ivy (Mrs. W. H. Lloyd. Burra). Cliff (Pt. Augusta) Emily (Mrs. G. G. Murray. Alawoona). Another son, Ray, paid the supreme sacrifice as a soldier in world War l. There are also seven grandchildren and one great grandson. The funeral took place at the Burra Cemetery on August 26. when Rev. A. S. Barrett officiated at the graveside and Messrs C. J. Pearce & Son, carried out the funeral arrangements. Bearers were Messrs W. H. Gare, S. C. Genders, F. Reed, R. W. Lloyd S. J. Woollacott and C. .Fuller.

11d. Elizabeth Flower & Ernst Blesing

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In 1853 on the ship “David Malcolm” James and Hannah Flower with their children Rachel 15, Ann 12, Joseph 10, Elizabeth 7, Jabez 2 sailed to Adelaide S.A.
Ernst Gotthilf Blesing (b1846 Adelaide, parents Gottlieb Blesing & Anna Dorothea Tscheuschner), farmer, and his English-born wife Elizabeth, nee Flower, had eight children.
1872 Elizabeth (26) marries Ernest Gotthilf Blesing (25) at Stony Gap School room 7/3/1872.
1872 Martha Blesing born nr Anlaby, Kapunda, d 17/8/1899 26yo at Bangor.
Wikipedia:- Anlaby or Anlaby Station is a pastoral lease located about 12 kilometres (7 mi) south east of Marrabel and 14 kilometres (9 mi) north of Kapunda. The station is the oldest merino stud in Australia and was settled in 1839 by John Finniss. The property was acquired in 1841 by Frederick Dutton. In 1843 a log hut was constructed for the manager Alexander Buchanan. The name of the run was also changed by from the Aboriginal name Pudna to Anlaby. Anlaby was the name of the Yorkshire village that his sister's husband hailed from.
1874 Evelina Blesing born near Hamilton, Kapunda district.
1875 Alfred Benno Blesing born near Hamilton, Kapunda m M.E.Bauer, (d1930, Gladstone).
1877 Edith (Blesing) Woolford born 18/3/1877, nr Hamilton, Kapunda district (d1961 Wirrabara).
1879 Albert Percy Blesing born near Hamilton, Kapunda district (d1949, Wirrabara).
Wikipedia:- Once a stop for the mining carts going from Adelaide to Burra, but now just a small agricultural district. Hamilton was the birthplace of Albert Percy Blesing in 1879, MP for Northern from 1924-1944. He served as Minister for Agriculture, Local Government and Afforestation in the government of Thomas Playford.
1881 Emeline (Blesing) Warner born 12/3/1881, nr Hamilton, Kapunda district (d1961 Wirrabara).
1883 Norman Flower Blesing born near Hamilton, Kapunda district (d1897, Wirrabara).
1885 Victor Walter Blesing born near Hamilton, Kapunda m M.E Acott 1929 (d?, Wirrabara).
1885 Blesing family moved to Laura.
1890 Hannah Flower, Elizabeth’s mother dies 77 years at Stony Gap.
1891 James Flower, Elizabeth’s father dies 77 years, Elizabeth is bequeathed £200.
1893 family took up Glenholme, a 1400-acre (567 ha) block at Bangor, nine miles (14 km) north-west of Wirrabara.
1924 Ernest Gotthilf Blesing dies at 77 years, buried at Laura cemetery.
1932 Elizabeth (Flower) Blesing dies at Lower Mitcham, but buried at Laura cemetery.
1941 Hon. A. P. Blesing, MP. (cousin) and A. Hansen (nephew) were pall bearers at Sarah Dukes funeral, mentioned in Josephs obituary.

Edwin Flower Blesing's son David Blesing and wife, operate a winery and tea rooms at Glenholme. David and Margaret Blesing wish to invite you to sample the award winning Blesing’s Garden wines.Visit the local attractions and experience the natural historic beauty of the Southern Flinders Ranges at Glenholme Vineyards. http://www.blesingsgardenwines.com.au/

11e. Jabez and Elizabeth Anne (Carter) Flower

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In 1853 on the ship “David Malcolm” James and Hannah Flower with their children Rachel 15, Ann 12, Joseph 10, Elizabeth 7, Jabez 2 sailed to Adelaide S.A.
1867 James and Hannah Flower purchased sections 123,126,127,131 and 132. He then leased adjoining sections 92,121,122 and 133 from Thomas Carter’s family (d1863!) for their sons Joseph and Jabez Flower to run. Jabez was later to marry Elizabeth Carter
1874 Jabez Flower marries Elizabeth Carter of Golden Grove at North Adelaide.
1890 Hannah Flower dies 77 years at Stony Gap. Register 27/5/1890 FLOWER.- On the 17th May, at her residence, Stony Gap, Hannah, beloved wife of James Flower, aged 77 years. Her end was peace.
1891 James Flower dies 77 years. Execs are William Pearce (Grocer Kooringa) and Joseph Flower.
1893 Albert Carter Flower Beloved son of Jabez and Elizabeth Ann Flower accidently shot aged 7, Smithfield
1902 Flower Edith Jane eldest of Jabez & Elizabeth of “Blair Farm Smithfield” m James Hendry. George Magnus Heddle of Salisbury on 14 Jan
1903 Flower Lilly 2nd of Jabez & Elizabeth of “Blair Farm Smithfield” m Cyril Arthur of Salisbury
1906 Jabez Flower dies 19 Sept Smithfield
1910 Joseph and Jabez Flower ‘s lease finishes and transferred to Saul and Walter Carter. (Saul and Walter Carter are Elizabeth ‘s brother, Thomas Carter’s sons.) see http://records.ancestry.com/thomas_carter_records.ashx?pid=108902294
1914 Flower Rebecca daughter of late Jabez Flower and Elizabeth Flower of “Blair”(2 Ravenswood Av Norwood?) Norwood. At home “Everslie”108 Edward St Norwood m Harold William Gilchrist at St Giles, Norwood.

Isaac and Grace Turner

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Grace Kent b 1826 Altanum Cornwall England, she arrived 16-03-1847 as a child on Princess Royal from London 5/11/1846 via Plymouth.

Isaac Turner born c1825 and died Oct 1867 was buried at Black Springs cemetery. His occupations were farmer and brickmaker. He lived at Glandore, Bowden, Kapunda and others and was a Methodist. Isaac had purchased Sections 408, 428, 429, 436 in the Hd of Stanley.
The children of Isaac and Grace were:-
· John Turner b12/10/1848 at Bowden.
· Martha Turner b 19/2/1851 at Bowden d4/1/1852 10mths.
· William Turner b27/10/1853 (not recorded)
· Eliza Ann Turner b16/9/1856 at Kooringa
· Elizabeth Turner b30/10/1858 Kooringa, d30/8/1862 3yo.
· Eliza Turner b6/5/1861 Kooringa
· Thomas Henry b11/7/1863 at Glendore Black Springs.

According to “The Register” Oct 1867. From our own Correspondent. Kooringa, October 23.
An extremely sudden death occurred on Tuesday last. Mr Isaac Turner, a resident of Glendore Black Springs, was near his own house in company with his son William, whom he ordered to go for the horses. The latter asked him whether he should fetch the colt as well, and before the deceased could reply he fell down speechless. A girl was standing near her mother's door at Glendore, and saw deceased walking towards the township, and fall down. She ran up to him. A little blood was flowing from the nose. He did not speak, but sighed three times and died. The mother of the last witness also went to the deceased when he fell. Asked him to move his eyes if he could not speak, which he did, and died directly afterwards. Deceased was in his usual health just before, but that was not generally very good. He often complained of illness. A medical gentleman who saw the corpse said he died from heart disease. He has left, a widow and large family insufficiently provided for. An inquest was held this morning at Glendore before Mr. T. S. Potter, J.P, and a Jury of 14. The verdict returned was ' Died by the visitation of God.'

Grace Turner married Jesse Humphrys on 8/8/1876 at the residence of Jesse Humphrys at Stony Gap, where they lived until purchasing property near Davies (renamed Hanson). The property there was called “Hassage Farm/Park” after Jesse’s birth place in Somerset UK.

When Grace died 4/11/1902 she was 76 years, and was buried with Isaac and Jesse was buried with Isabella, at the Black Springs cemetery.

William Thorn Humphrys (Jesse1’s brother) – Life in Somerset and Australia.

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William was born in Hassage village near Wellow in Somerset in 1844.

His family had lived around Wellow Somerset for generations and his grand parents Jesse Humphrys b1772 , and Betty Thorn married in 1800 at St Julians Church Wellow.

His parents were Mark Humphrys b1803 and Sarah Dauncey who were also married in St Julians Church Wellow in 1827. The 1841 census has inferred the Humphrys were well represented in Hassage. (Hassage does not exist as a village these days. It is basically a large farm with only a dozen buildings/farm houses and a large Manor House built in the 15th century by gentry from Bristol. (see the Country Life article and photographs of Hassage Manor later)).

The Humphrys (Mark and his remaining sons and daughters) moved to Hemington (a few miles SW of Wellow) as a family by the 1851 census.

William got his middle name, Thorn, from his grandmother Betty’s maiden name, as did his son Harold and Nephew Elijah.

William’s older brother Jesse emigrated to Australia in 1854, and in the UK census 1861 William was listed an agricultural labourer, place of birth Hassage, Wellow, Somerset. Obviously Jesse must have written to his family from Australia, and offered to get work in Black Springs, and William came over in 1864 on the ship “Northumberland”, listed as farmer.

William married Elizabeth Ann Martin (b1849) of Penwortham at Auburn (7 miles from Penwortham, a pretty village renown for its market gardens and orchards, that supplied produce to the Burra Mining community.)

The birth of their children give us an insight of where they lived between 1870 and 1893.

· Rebekkah Humphrys b1872 at Hamley Bridge,
· William Ernest Humphrys b1874 at Black Springs.
· The South Australian Almanac 1874/1875 has a William Humphrys as a farmer in Black Springs.
· Jesse’s wife Isabella died in 1875, in 1876 Jesse married Grace Turner, a widow from Black Springs.
· Elizabeth Ann Humphrys b1876 Yatina.
· Beatrice Ellen Humphrys b1879 Mannanarie.
· Almanac 1880 has William as a farmer at Yatina.
· Caroline Humphrys b1882 Mannanarie.
· Maurice William Olive Humphrys b1883 Mannanarie.
· Mark Reuben Rufus Humphrys b 1885 Mannanarie.
· 1885/6 Almanac has WT Humphrys farmer at Black Springs.
· Mabel Humphrys b1887 Hamley Bridge.
· 1888 Almanac has WT Humphrys farmer at Yatina
· 1889/90 Almanac has WT Humphrys farmer at Hamley Bridge
· Isabella Marion Humphrys b1890 Hamley Bridge
· Harold Thorn Humphrys b1893 Hamley Bridge
· 1932/35 Almanac has Mark Reuben Rufus Humphrys as a JP Hamley Bridge
· 1935 Almanac has Harold Thorn Humphrys as a farmer Hamley Bridge

It looks like the family stayed around Hamley Bridge, as the Hamley Bridge cemetery holds many of the children and William Thorn (d1926) and his wife, Elizabeth Ann. (d1938)


14. A summary of the Children of Jesse and Isabella Humphrys

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(1st ) William Mark (1854-1934) and Frances Ann (Zincroft Jones) Humphrys

In a newspaper article:- Chronicle Sept 1883 DUKE—HUMPHRYS.— On the 6th September, at the residence of the bride's brother (Mr. Mark Humphrys, Kooringa) marriage of Sarah Ann, eldest daughter of Jesse Humphrys, of Hassage Farm, Davieston, late of Stony Gap to John Allan Duke of Penwortham. I am assuming William Mark used his middle name to differentuate from his uncle William Thorn who arrived in 1864 from England. According to www.geni.com he married Frances Zincroft 1877 at Westbury (near Blinkie Bill west of Redruth Burra, see Jesse2’s obit) Their children were William Mark, Frances Mabel, Frederick Alfred Mark, Emily Irene, Robert Zincroft Jesse Humphrys and Clifford Edward John.
1884 SA Almanac has W.M.Humphrys as a Teamster at Kooringa. Burra Birth Records have a son born 1/11/1884 to Mr and Mrs W.M.Humphrys.
1885 he purchased 3 allotments 5,6,65 in the town of Peterborough, and in a strange arrangement, they passed from W.M.H. to Jesse1 then back to Frances Zincroft. William also has a reference to a Crown Lease 261/11 (Forest Lease) but no details have been searched as yet.
1877 William Mark Humphrys marries Frances Zincroft at Westbury (near Copperhouse Burra, no longer exists – see wikipedia). Westbury Wesleyan Church:-Westbury is now farmland. By 1873 there was one house on lots 230-231 and a Wesleyan Church on 232. These were almost adjacent to Copperhouse and after Methodist union in 1900 the Westbury Church became the Methodist Church, allowing the Copperhouse Primitive Methodist Church to be taken over by the school. It was as often referred to as the Copperhouse Church as the Westbury Church. Neither it nor the house remain.
1906 JONES, Robert Zincraft, age 81, bur. 30/03/1906, Plot: AQ1 Jamestown Cemetery.
1908 Burra Birth Records have a son born 22/1/1908 to Mr and Mrs W.M.Humphrys.
1908 Peterborough allots sold by Frances Z to E.R.Cox, storekeeper.
1909 When Jesse1 died, William M and brother Jesse2 (a butcher in Snowtown) were given the properties at Stony Gap, and they continued Jesse1’s lease of the properties to Walter Duffield and Frank Makin.
1913 they sold them to Makin and Duffield. Wikipedia:-Brookton is a town in the Wheatbelt region of Western Australia, Australia, 138 kilometres (86 mi) from the state capital, Perth via the Brookton Highway where it crosses the Great Southern Highway. The town is on the Great Southern railway line.The first settler and founder of the Brookton district, John Seabrook (1818–1891), moved to the area in 1846 soon after marrying, and named his property "Brookton House". He remained the only European in the area, aside from itinerant sandalwood cutters, until his stepson, A.W. Robinson, took up adjacent land in 1864. During the 1860s and 1870s, more settlers moved into the area, and took on sandalwood cutting (it sold for £9 per ton) as well as wheat and sheep farming. In June 1889, when the Great Southern Railway opened, Brookton was one of the original stations. The station proved to be the catalyst that created a centre for the isolated farms, and the government gazetted a townsite here in 1895 and named it "Seabrook" but local acceptance of the station name and confusion with another Seabrook near York resulted in the townsite's name being changed to Brookton in 1899. The townsite attracted a few businesses and by 1903, the tiny settlement comprised a school, hotel, bank and a few shops. The Old Police Station Museum located in the town is the base of the local historical society and contains artifacts and memorabilia of the early settlement days. The university of South Australia website has Robert Zincraft Jones as being born 1825, dying 1906. He had a Central Board of Education certificate and was allocated Stony Gap school 1864-1869, 1870, 1872-1874, Copperhouse 1870-1872, and Black Springs 1879-1880. Is this how William Mark Humphrys met his wife Frances Zincroft????
JAMESTOWN March 29 1906.-Mr. Robert Zincraft Jones, who had reached the age ot 81 years, died to-day. He was born at Cardiff, Wales, and arrived in South Australia in 1845(1856), with his wife, son, and daughter. He almost immediately left for Mount Remarkable, where he was engaged as a coachbuilder. After residing there for some years, he removed to Stony Gap, near Burra, where for 14 years be was engaged as a public, school teacher. After resigning this position he removed to Adelaide and resided there until after the death of his wife, which took place about eight years ago(1898?). About seven years ago he came to Jamestown and lived with his son, Mr. William Jones. The deceased was one of the leading local preachers of the district, his services being much sought after by the various Protestant bodies. He enjoyed wonderful health up to within the last few weeks of his death, which came as a shock to a wide circle of friends. He left one daughter and five sons (Mrs. Francis Ann Zincroft Humphrys and Mr. John Jones, of Western Australia, Messrs. Robert and Thomas Jones, of Adelaide, and Messrs. William and F. P. Jones, of Jamestown), 16 grandchildren, and one great-grandchild.
SA Chronicle 17 nov 1877 BURGLARY? , James Fleet, aged 22, and John McCormish, aged 24, were charged with breaking into the store of Robert Zincroft Jones, at Black Springs, on the 5th September, and stealing there from a monkey jacket and various other articles. Mr. Pater defended the prisoner McCormish ; the other prisoner was undefended? It appeared that Mr. Jones left his store at the Black Springs to go to the. Burra, leaving all the doors locked and everything in order. On his return he found that the store had been forcibly entered, and a lot of goods stolen from it. The shelves bad been ransacked, and the counters and floor were strewed with various articles. The prisoner McCormish left some of the stolen things in a bag belonging to him in charge of the landlord of the, Emu Hotel at the Black Springs, and others were found in a bag in a hut occupied by the prisoner Fleet, who acknowledged to the arresting constable that he bad stolen them. It The prisoner Fleet was found guilty, of breaking into the store and stealing, the goods, and the prisoner McCormish of receiving the 'goods, knowing them to be stolen. Sentence was deferred.
1888 Chronicle 9 June JONES— HUMPHRYS. —On the 23rd May, at the residence of the bride's parents, by the Rev. W. H. Hodge, Thomas H., fourth son of R. Zincraft Jones, teacher, late of the Burra, to Emily, third daughter of J. Humphrys, Hassage farm, Davyston. Register
1877 HUMPHRYS— JONES.— On the 5th September, at the Wesleyan Church, Westbury, by the Rev. R. W. Campbell, Register
1877 William Mark Humphrys, eldest son of Mr. Jesse Humphrys, of Stony Gap, to Frances Anne, only daughter of Mr. R. Z. Jones, of Kooringa.

(2nd ) Sarah Anne Duke (Humphrys) (1857-1941) and John Allen Duke

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1883 Sept John Allen Duke, son of Thomas Clay Duke of Spring Garden Penwortham - marriage. to Sarah Humphrys of Hassage Farm Davieston formerly from Stony Gap.
1889 Mabella (May Bella ) Duke b in Luton (near Beare St and Houghton St, Clare) to Sarah and John.
1892 Almanac has John Duke gardener of Mitcham
1893 John Allen Duke dies? (See 1941 Sarah Duke Obit).
1909 The Hd Clare property is left to the female of family in shares, eg 5/12th Sarah Duke, 5/12th Mary Hansen, 1/6th Charles Hansen.
1909 Almanac has T.C.Duke (John’s father?) Penwortham
1915 Almanac has Sarah Duke as a farmer at Hanson.
1915 Maybella Duke marries W.J.Woollacott 15 July.
1941 Burra Record August MRS. SARAH A. DUKE. The death of Mrs. Sarah A. Duke, which occurred at the Burra Hospital on the 12th July, removed an old identity of the Burra district. Born at Port Gawler in 1857, she was the eldest daughter of the late Mr and Mrs. Jesse Humphrys, of Hanson. She-was married in Burra in 1883 by the late Rev. Samuel Knight, to Mr. John A. Duke, of Penwortham. Her husband predeceased her 48 years ago. The deceased lady was a member of the Hanson Church nearly all her life and was one of the first teachers of the Hanson Sunday School. Until her sudden illness which came on one year and ten months ago, she resided with her only child, Mrs.(May Bella) W. J. Woollacott of Hanson, who survives. There are three grandchildren.. She also leaves three sisters, Mary (Mrs. Hansen), Belle (Mrs.Isabella Scrutton) and Emily (Mrs Jones) and one surviving brother Mr. Flower Humphrys, all of Adelaide. She was laid to rest with her late husband in the Mitcham Cemetery on 14th July. The funeral service was conducted by the Rev. N. Usher of Redruth, and the funeral arrangements were carried out by Messrs C. J. Pearce & Son-, of Burra.. Many beautiful floral tributes were received. The bearers were Messrs F. Duke, A: Hansen (nephews), Hon. A. P. Blesing, MP. (cousin) and Mr. Smith.
1942 Burra Record (SA : 1878-1954) Tuesday 20 October MR. W. J. WOOLLACOTT (husband of Maybella Duke) After a long illness borne with intense fortitude, Mr. W. J. Woollacott, of Hanson, passed away at the Burra Hospital on Wednesday night last. Born at Burra North on 22nd November, 1879, he was the eldest member of a family of 13, and son of the late Mr. and Mrs. T. H. Woollacott. Educated at the Burra School, he, on leaving, first assisted his father but later took up farming and continued on the land until failing health compelled his retirement. He spent all his life in Burra and district but owing to indifferent health the late Mr. Woollacott never took up any public duties. He was closely connected with the Methodist Church all his life as a member and was a most acceptable local preacher and held office in the Church both at Redruth and Hanson and ever willing at all times to do what he could for his church and the district in which he resided. On 28th July, 1915, he married Miss Mabella Duke, only child of the late Mr. and Mrs Duke, of Hanson, who survives, also three children, Dorothy, Mrs. Claude White, Porter's Lagoon; Miss Melva Wollacott of the Education Department Hd. of Whyte, and Mr. William Woollacott, of Whyalla; six brothers, Messrs T. H. and Stan Woollacott, Burra North; Rev E. H. Woollacott, Messrs Arthur and Joe Woollacott, Adelaide; Rodney of Essendon Grammar School, Vic., and one surviving sister, Bessie, Mrs. Arthur P Harris, Hawthorn. S.A. He was also a member of the I.O.O.F. Manchester Unity for many years. A sad feature was the fact that his devoted wife at the time of his demise was and still is an inmate of the Burra Hospital The funeral arrangements were carried out by Messrs C. J. Pearce & Son, of Burra.

(3th ) Alfred Humphry Humphrys (1858-1864)

(died at 16, buried at Black Springs Cemetery).

(4th ) Jesse2 Humphrys (1861-1934) and Emily (Duke) Humphrys

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1884 Jesse Humphrys married Miss Emily Duke, at Penwortham, in 1884.
1885 Jesse2 leases sections 70,71,423,425 Hd Clare from the Longmires (CT214/60) see 1892.
1889/99 1900/01 From the S.A.Almanac:- Jesse Humphries was a Farmer near Clare.
1892 Jesse1 purchases sections 70,71,423,425 Hd Clare from the Longmires (CT214/60).
1900 Jesse2 buys pt lot 10 (ct22/243 approx 40acres) Penwortham, south of Horrocks Rd near main road intersection, he sells this to Alfred Thomas Duke to combine Duke’s properties in 1909.

1902/08 SA Almanac Jesse Humphries Butcher at Penwortham.
1909 Jesse1 dies, and his Hd Clare property is left to the female of family in shares, eg 5/12th Sarah Duke, 5/12th Mary Hansen, 1/6th Charles Hansen.
1909 Jesse2 sells his pt lot 10 (40acres) to his brother-in-law Alfred Thomas Duke at Penwortham and moves to Snowtown. A.T. Duke’s property is now extensive (see ct1792/67)
1910/12 SA Almanac Jesse Humphrys Butcher at 53 Third Ave Snowtown. (it is still there but empty and in a sad state as an old rural supplies shop, see Google’s Street View). When Jesse1 died in 1909, William M and brother Jesse2 (a butcher in Snowtown) were given the properties at Stony Gap, and they continued Jesse1’s lease of the properties to Walter Duffield and Frank Makin.
1913 they sold them to Makin and Duffield.
1913/4 SA Almanac Jesse Humphries Stock Dealer at Snowtown
1915/6 SA Almanac Jesse Humphries 19? Aveland Ave Norwood.
1915 Purchased CT1023/120 Pt255 Pirie St (667ft from Dequetteville Tce) went to HerriotWJ Humphrys (Charters Towers wool classer) 1934. (bought by Prince Alfred College 1958).
1919 Purchased CT1034/184 lot 48 Cnr Ormond & George Sts Hindmarsh –sold 26/9/1924
1934 Jesse Humphrys dies and is buried at Magill.
1943 Emily (Duke) Humphrys dies Meadows SA, but buried at Magill.
Mr. Jesse Humphrys, of North Norwood, who died recently, was born at Stony Gap in 1860, where his father, Mr. Jesse Humphrys, was a farmer and grazier. Mr. Humphrys, senior, leased his property to the Koonoona Estate, and purchased, another near Hanson, where the family resided till his death. Jesse, his son, took a contract to sink dams in the north-east. He became an expert shearer, and adept at handling stock. He married Miss Emily Duke, at Penwortham, in 1884, and settled on a farm near Clare. Besides farming, be carried on stock dealing and a butchering business at Penwortham for many years, and was employed to inspect cattle. Later, he carried on butchering and chaff businesses at Snowtown. After the death of his father (1909) he lived at North Norwood. Mr. Humphrys's services were in demand as a stock doctor. Up to the time of his death he was a member of the Maylands Methodist choir. His disposition was kindly, and he made many friends. He leaves a widow, one son (Mr. H. W. J. Humphrys, of Queensland), and a daughter (Mrs. Harold Hunt), of Belair.
Burra Record 14/3/1934 OBITUARY Jesse Humphrys Mr. Roy Humphry.s of 'Blink Bonnie,' near Burra, received the sad news on Monday night of the sudden death of his uncle, Mr. Jesse Humphrys, of Norwood. The cause or death was heart trouble. It seems that the deceased gentleman was doing a small repair job late in the evening when he was taken with the seizure and never rallied. The late Mr. Humphrys was born at Stony Gap, near Burra, in 1864. Prior to retiring about 18 years ago he had butchering businesses at Penwortham and Snowtown He was of a particularly happy nature and strange to relate had never known what it was to have a day's illness. Mr. Humphrys was particularly well known in the stock trade and recognised as a keen and competent judge of stock. At the recent Jubilee of the Hanson Church he was one of the happiest individuals at the reunion and apparently very pleased to renew the many friendships of his boyhood days, the Humphrys family being one of the pioneer families of that district. Besides the widow he leaves a son and daughter, two brothers. Mr (William) Mark Humphrys of Beverly. (West Aust)., and Mr. Flower Humphrys of Medindie, and late of Hanson and Burra, and one sister, Mrs. Duke of Hanson. The funeral took place on Tuesday afternoon. A quote from the 1932 Jubilee of the Hanson Church :- Mr. Jesse Humphrys in almost humorous vein, referred to his early choir days and stated his voice was still good as after 50 years use, he was still a choir member of the Maylands Methodist Church….. (Note: Jesse’s sister Emily Jones lived nearby on Magill Rd Maylands)

(5th ) Flower Humphrys (1863-1944) and Mary (Rogers) Humphrys

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)1941 9 Dec Humphrys- McWaters wedding. HUMPHRYS — McWATERS. 9 Dec 1941 Beautiful flowers adorned the Redruth Methodist Church on Saturday afternoon last for the wedding of Mr. Mervyn Roy Humphrys and Miss Edith Jean Mcwaters. a large bowl of tall Christmas lilies set off with long fronds of a contrasting shrub, provided a beautiful bridal background whilst in the Communion and nave tall stands of tomato red gladioli, cacti and other flowers were artistically arranged on pedestals and Communion Table. The bridegroom is the eldest son of Mr. and Mrs. Roy Humphrys, 'Blink Bonnie,' via Burra, and the bride the elder daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Robert McWaters, Burra North. The impressive service of a choral nature, was conducted by the Rev. Neil Usher, with Miss Margaret Pearce at the organ. The Bridal March was softly played as the bridal party came down the aisle. During the service the hymns, 'The Voice that breathed o'er Eden and 'O Perfect Love' were sung and Mrs. H. Jennison also gave a sympathetic rendering of 'My Prayer' and during the signing of the register Miss Claire Sara sang with effect the song 'Bliss.' The edifice was crowded with relatives and friends of both families. Given away by her father, the bride wore an exquisite frock of ivory Chantilly Lace made over ivory satin. The skirt cut to form a flared fullness at foot, fell away into a long- train. The heart-shaped neck-line and long sleeves were piped with satin and down the front to the piped high waist belt, effect, was a flight of tiny buttons. The long plain filmy veil of silk tulle was held by a most effective pleated tulle halo adorned with three rows of tiny orange buds arranged Grecian style. A string of pearls was her only ornament and with silver footwear and a large sheaf or Christmas lilies completed a dainty toilette. Two bridesmaids and a train bearer were in attendance, Misses Edna McWaters (sister), with the sisters of the bridegroom, Gwen and Barbara Humphrys respectively. Wearing an effectives shade of gold "matelasse", the frocks were made exactly alike. The long wide skirts cut on the cross, fell very full from the hips, the front of the bodices had perpendicular ruckings, and short puffed sleeves and were finished at the waist with belts. Haloes of pleated marquisette, the same shape as the bride's were worn and finished on the head-line with tiny velvet tomato colored flowers. The bridesmaids wearing shoulder veils. Long tomato red streamers fell from their hand posies of the same toned flowers. They also wore gold mittens & footwear and the bride groom's gift of fine gold necklet chains with a red drop. Mr. Clyde Atkins attended his cousin as best man and Mr. Colin Humphrys, (brother), was grooms man. Mr. R. Fairchild acted as usher. After the ceremony Mr. and Mrs. McWaters entertained the near relatives of both families to wedding tea when Mrs McWaters wore a very smart navy crepe satin jacket costume. The skirt was pleated in front and the jacket sleeves handsomely appliqued on net and on the coat to give a bolero effect. With this was worn a navy upturned straw hat with folds of two blues around the crown and a matching blue shoulder spray. Mrs. Roy Humphrys also chose a smart navy romaine ensemble, pink shoulder spray and navy Breton shaped hat, with navy accessories. Mr. and Mrs. John Honan, of Hallett, grandparents of bride, were present. Mrs. Honan wearing a black silk edge to edge coat over her crepe de chene frock with hat relieved with white. For travelling the bride chose a very modish jacket suit of navy crepe satin, the short sleeved jacket had a quilted applique design in fine white stitching. Her Breton hat of fine Sesal straw upturned was held in position with a large navy bow at back of neck. Long white gloves, navy bag and shoes completed the ensemble.

2 Roy Wilfred Humphrys b c1889 at Hanson SA d 1977 m Stella Alice Blunt b1888 d1972
3 Gwenneth Nell Humphrys b 1915 d1986 SA
3 Mervyn Roy Humphrys b 1918 m Edith Jean at Hanson b1921 d1998
4 Neil Robert Humphrys b 1947-2105
3 Margaret Mary Humphrys b 1929?
3 Colin Jesse Humphrys b1925 SA
3 Ruth Estelle Humphrys b1928 d1998 (unmarried).

Neil Robert Humphrys (1947-2105)

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1923 Mrs, Flower Humphrys, who died at her residence at .Kooringa on Monday, was born at Kooringa in: 1888. She was the 3rd daughter of the. late Mr. John Rogers, grazier, of Baldina, and married Mr. Flower Humphrys, of Hanson, in 1888. Purchasing an estate at Manoora, they resided there until about three weeks ago, when having decided to retire, they had purchased a home at Kooringa. She has left a widower and family of four sons Messrs. Roy W. Humphrys (Burra), Maurice Humphrys (Hanson), Jesse Humphrys (Booborowie) and Alan Humphrys (Manoora); and four daughters mesdames H. C. Atkins (Farrell's Flat), Cecil Sangster (Balaklava), H. Crawford (Manoora), and Miss Rita Humphrys (Kooringa). There are also a number of grand children. Advertiser --Mr Flower Humphrys' Eightieth Birthday Celebration April 20th 1943. On Wednesday, April 14th, a very happy gathering was arranged and held in the Dining Hall of Messrs John Martin's Adelaide. The occasion was to celebrate the eightieth birthday of Mr. Flower Humphrys, of Medindie. The Dining Hall and tables were very tastefully decorated and punctually at 12.30, all the sons and daughters sat down to a very fine luncheon, the Rev. J. P. H. Tilbrook who expressed pleasure at being present at such a unique gathering, conveyed the greetings of the family, the 23 grand children, and one great grandson; also of many friends to Mr. Humphrys who were that day thinking of him. One in particular mentioned that owing to the celebrant's appearance, that he thought Mr Humphrys should look up his records in case he had made a mistake in his age.

Mr. Humphrys was born at Stony Gap near Burra and is the only surviving son of the late Mr. and Mrs. Jesse Humphrys, of Hanson. He resided in Hanson and Burra Districts the greater part of his life during his first wife's life (Mary Rogers?). When he remarried he went to Medindie to live. The three surviving sisters, Mrs. Jones, Mrs. Scrutton. and Mrs. Hansen. together with his wife and family consisting of four sons and four daughters, with their wives and husbands were at the gathering: namely, Roy W., Burra; Maurice F., Hanson; Allan B., Manoora. and Jesse , Narracoorte, S.E., Mesdames -H. C. Atkins, Farrell Flat; CecilIe. Sangster, Tusmore; Mrs. H. Crawford, Murray Bridge, and Sister Rita, Adelaide.

When Jesse1 died in 1909, Flower and Elijah were nominated as trustees of the will, and distributed all the properties to the family. Flower was given s846-848, 850 & 484. (See Minetta Humphrys Ford summary for F/F School Photo with Flower’s Children Allan, Rita, Myra, Maurice with Minetta and Clarence)

I see in the 1932 Hanson Sunday School reunion that Jesse and Flower Humphrys were pupils along with James and Thomas Rogers. Is this where Flower met his first wife Mary Rogers??
1895-1915 Almanac has Flower(32) and Elijah (35) and Jesse1 (60) as farmers at Hanson (first time)
1915 Almanac has Harold Carter& Gertrude (H) Atkins Farmers at Farrell Flat.
1915 Almanac has Cecil Ingham & Isabella (H) Sangster Farmers at Farrell Flat.
1931/4 Almanac has him at 26 Nottage Tce Medindie Gardens
1944 Flower Humphrys died and was buried at Burr Cemetery plot 3352.

(6th ) Elijah Thorn Humphrys (1865-1919) and May (Teddy) Humphrys (see full section later).

(7th ) Isabella Scrutton (Humphrys) (1868-1953) and Herbert James Scrutton

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SCRUTTON, Herbert James b2/8/1866 Reids Creek Rd Beechworth d20/12/1922 12 Annesley Ave Nth Norwood SA. Buried with Isabella in Payneham Cemetery.
Register 28/10/1889 SCRUTTON—HUMPHRYS. —On the 12th October, at the residence of the bride's father, by the Rev. T. M. Rowe, Herbert James, third son of Thomas U. Scrutton, Blakiston, to Isabella, second daughter of Jesse Humphrys, Hassage Farm, Davieston
· Harrold Edward Scrutton b 1890 d 1891 Petersburg.
· Reginald Herbert Scrutton b1893 at Petersburg d?
· Spencer Flower Scrutton b1893 at Petersburg d?
. Leslie Cambridge Scrutton b1894 at Petersburg d?
· Stella Margaret Scrutton b1896 at Petersburg d?
· Ethel Vera Scrutton b1898 d1898 Petersburg?
· Albert Thomas Jesse Scrutton b1900 at Petersburg d?
· Norman Maxwell Scrutton b11/4/1902 at Petersburg d?
1899 Almanac has H.Scrutton as a farmer at Terowie, other Scruttons were Rail Guards in the town of Petersburg (Bismark St…. same street as WHM and FAZJH!).
1909 Almanac has H.J.Scrutton as a rail guard of Bismark St (later named Kitchener St)
1912-1920 Almanac has H.J.Scrutton as a rail guard of 12 Annesley Av North Norwood.

(8th ) Emily (Humphrys) Jones (1870-1952)

We see that Emily has married the ex-Stony Gap school teacher’s son Thomas. Thomas would have been the younger brother of Francis Ann Zincroft Jones that Emily’s brother William Mark Humphrys married in 1877.
The Jones were into retail in Black Springs eg break in of the store of Robert Zincroft Jones, at Black Springs, on the 5th September 1877.
1888 Chronicle 9 June JONES— HUMPHRYS. —On the 23rd May, at the residence of the bride's parents, by the Rev. W. H. Hodge, Thomas H., fourth son of R. Zincraft Jones, teacher, late of the Burra, to Emily, third daughter of J. Humphrys, Hassage farm, Davyston.
1909 Almanac Thomas H Jones bootmaker Wakefield St Adelaide
1909 the Joneses get a 5/12th share each of Jesse1’s Hd Clare property
1913-1888 Emily Humphrys of Hassage Park married Thomas Henry Jones of Burra. (Emily / Thomas address on their Silver Wedding Anniv, was Magill Rd, Maylands. (Advertiser 23-5-1913)
1910-1920 Alamanac Thomas H. Jones btmkr 133 Magill Rd Maylands.
1930 Alamanac Thomas H. Jones Boot Store 362 Magill Rd Kensington Park.

(9th ) Mary Ann (Humphrys) Hansen (1873-1951)


1895 8th Aug. Mary Ann Humphrys of Hassage Farm marries Charles Hansen (Norwegian) Register 27Aug 1895
1909 The Hd Clare property is left to the female of family in shares, eg 5/12th Sarah Duke, 5/12th Mary Hansen, 1/6th Charles Hansen

(10th ) Elizabeth Humphrys (1875 -1875)

Isabella (Flower) Humphrys died while giving birth to Elizabeth, who also did not survive.
Note: Jesse had a sister in Somerset named Elizabeth but she also died in the first year.

Elijah Thorn and May Humphrys

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Elijah Thorn Humphrys was born to Jesse and Isabella Humphrys at Stony Gap in 1860. His great grandmothers maiden name was Betty Thorn hence his middle name.

Elijah preferred to be known as Thorn Humphrys. His brother’s middle name was Mark after his grandfather Mark Humphrys.

The Humphrys siblings were:-

Thorn’s mother died in 1875 in Black Springs and some time later his father married a widow Grace Turner of Black Springs. (There is a Turner Road near Stony Gap).

An Almanac entry of 1880 had a Jesse Humphrys as a farmer at Bloomfield Kooringa, and in Almanac 1886 there was a W.T.Humphreys farmer at Black Springs. William moved to Brookton in about 1886 where they were just opening up sheep and wheat farms and where sandalwood was being harvested profitably.

Jesse, his father Leased out his property at Black Springs and bought and worked the land near Davies/Hanson (10kms west of Stony Gap) as a sheep farmer. (Almanac 1886 1st mention of Jesse at Hanson). At that date the Hundred of Hanson was a large area, and in 1869 the railway was laid to Burra through the area. In Feb 1870 the Government finished a survey of a new town, erected a wooden railway station in the Farrell's Flat area, and named it the town of Hanson. The locals still called it Farrell's Flat and in 1896 a new Rail Station was erected with that name. It wasn't until 1940 that the Government officially changed the name from Hanson to Farrell Flat.

Jesse worked his Hanson land with his son’s Thorn, Jesse2 and Flower (Almanac 1900). Elijah Thorn Humphrys married Mary(May) Teddy at Luke Teddy’s residence, Redruth, Burra on 3 Nov 1890 (Advertiser 6 Nov 1890).

Grace Turner Humphrys died in 1903 and was buried in Black Springs with here first husband Isaac Turner, and Jesse, his father died in 1909 was also buried in Black Springs with Isabella and Alfred Humphrys. (see photo in Jesse/Isabella section.

Thorn inherited the Hanson farm and he and his wife May built a very impressive house on the property and called it “Maythorn”. The nearby town at Farrell Flat had a church built in 1911, and the style and quality is similar to the photographs of "Maythorn". The house still stands today, the property’s new owners call it “Glenowie”. Even in 1915, there was the need for a “Judge Judy” as The Northern Argus reported on 22 Jan 1915
Local Court — Clare. Thursday, January 14, full jurisdiction. [Before Messrs. S. J. Mitchell, S.M., T Clark, J.P., and S. Treetrail, J.P. Robert Blakeney Atkinson, of Port Wakefield, farmer, plantiff, sued Elijah Thorn Humphrys, defendant, of near Hanson, farmer, for the sum of £14 9s for agistment for sheep and services of stallion. The defendant counter c!aimed the sum of £23 for seed drill end hire of farm implements. Mr. M. Badger appeared for plaintiff and Mr. B. T. Ward for defendant. The plaintiff's claim was practically admitted, and the defendant pleaded payment. The plaintiff denied having been paid, also that the receipts produced by the plaintiff for the amounts claimed were not signed by him, that he never received the cheques produced. The defendant, being sworn, said he paid the plaintiff £4 in cash, and the cheques produced, and the notebook produced containing the receipts were signed by the plaintiff in his presence. Clement Arnold Humphries, son of defendant, said he was present and saw his father hand plantiff the money and saw him sign the receipts. Verdict for plaintiff for the amount claimed and also on the counterclaim.

May Humphrys was born Mary Teddy (b1869-1955), her parents were Julia (Thomas) and Luke Teddy. Julia and Luke both were born in Cornwall and immigated in the 1850’s enticed by Agents for the Burra Copper Mine.

Luke and Julia Teddy lived in Copperhouse/Redruth, a town just north of the Burra Mine, which these days is part of the town of Burra.

Luke Teddy was a tough miner and pugilist, but after he settled down with Julia, he was a miner, a teamster, and a farmer, having bought land sections 243, 244, 245 (300 acres) Hd Kooringa in 1876.

The Teddys however lived at Copperhouse until 1872, and according to an article in a Hanson paper in 1923, May at the age 11 was the assisstant organist of the Redruth Wesleyan Sunday School until her marriage to Elijah Thorn Humphrys in 1890.

HANSON --(From a Correspondent). On Sunday. 2nd December, 1923 Mrs E. T. Humphrys celebrated her 25th anniversary as organist of the Methodist Church, Hanson. Mrs Humphrys has been associated with this work from childhood as, at the age of 11, she be came assistant organist and pianist of the Wesleyan Sunday School, Redruth, and continued these duties until her marriage. Mrs Humphrys also conducts the choir and with her gentle loving manner keeps the choir working smoothly all the year round! She is the youngest daughter (Mary), of the late Mr and Mrs Luke Teddy, Redruth, and was born at Burra. Her parents were of Cornish birth and arrived here when the mine was working and were both loyal Methodists. She married Elijah Thorne, son of the late Jesse Humphrys, of Hassage Park, Hanson. In 1917 Pte Clarence M. Humphrys died in France of wounds received in action and in 1919 after a very brief illness her husband died. Both in life had been of great assistance to her in church work, to which she is most devoted. Hanson people and visiting ministers consider they are fortunate in having such a capable and thoroughly reliable person in their midist, and her many friends trust that she will be spared for many more years yet to continue her work in the church of God.

Elijah Thorn and May’s children were:-

Silver Wedding. 10 Nov 1915 Burra Record. A very interesting function was celebrated at 'Maythorn Villa,' Hanson, on Wednesday evening last, when- a large number of guests assembled to join in celebrating the silver wedding of the host and hostess, Mr. and Mrs. E. Thorn Humphrys, who are the happy possessors of one of the most beautiful homes in the north, and the design is unique in the fact that Mrs. Humphrys was herself the architect and drew the plans. It is new, having been commenced in 1911 and completed the following year, and comprises thirteen commodious and lofty rooms (including two underground) with and a passage six feet in width, the whole being very elaborately finished. The drawing room ceilings, hall, passage and cloak room are all picked out in gold leaf, and the reception, dining, breakfast and bedrooms in dainty colors, and the woodwork, including skirting, is finished in walnut graining and beautifully varnished. In many of the rooms hang some striking oil paintings including views in Italy and Switzerland, the solid walnut and cedar furniture, beautifully carved mantelpieces, and tiled grates and hearths, making a very luxurious and tasteful home. Some very beautiful groups of trees, planted by Mrs. Humphrys, add greatly to the attractiveness of the home. Acetylene gas is used for lighting, and the garden lamp on the 'gatelette' of the verandah illuminating the marble steps which form the approach to the front entrance, reveals a most handsome structure. Mr. and Mrs. Humphrys were united in the holy bonds on November 3, 1890. The bride was the youngest daughter of the late Mr. Luke Teddy, of Redruth, and the celebrant the late RevT. M. Rowe, Methodist minister. If the wedding 25 years ago was celebrated on as perfect |a day as its anniversary last Wednesday the bride and bride groom were lucky. It was calm and delightful and all that could be desired for such an occasion. By the morning train Miss Maude Bennett, a well-known pianist arrived from the North, and by the mid-day Miss Chamberlain, a professional singer from the city. By eight o'clock numerous guests began to arrive, hailing from all parts of the compass from Burra and the surrounding districts. At about 9.30 the guests sat down to tables heavily laden with all delicacies of the season and beautifully decorated with flowers, etc. After these had been done ample justice. Mr Jas. S. Pryor proposed 'Mr and Mrs Humphrys,' expressions of good wishes and congratulations being conveyed to the happy pair in a few lines of simple poetry of the speaker's own composition. They were as follow :”

Set the joybells ringing, ringing,
Cast all gloom from hearts away ;
Keep the songbird singing, singing,
On your silver wedding day.

Seedtime, harvest, summer, winter,
All have come and gone.
Ah ! A! Since the time that you were wedded,
Five and twenty years to-day.

You have shared each other's sorrow,
Basking in each other's joy ;
Now we've come with gladsome greetings
May God's blessings you enjoy.

May your future life be happy,
Happy as the days are long ;
Filled with love and joy and gladness,
Together as you jog along.

Chorus
Keep the joybells ringing, ringing.
And the sweetbirds singing, singing,
While to you our greetings bringing
On your happy, silver wedding day.

Mr J. Isaac then read a number of apologies, including those of the Mayor of Burra (Mr.E. W. Crewes), Captain Chaplain Nield, Rev. J. C. Jennison and Mr Dane, who all tendered felicitations and regrets at their inability to be present. Many were unavoidably absent owing to the fact that the Burra Cheer ups were paying a visit to Adelaide the next day and were busy making arrangements. Mr Isaac also tendered his congratulations, Mr Humphrys, on be half of himself and wife, making a most appropriate reply. The toast 'Our boys at the front' was also submitted and enthusiastically honored, Pte. A. Isaac, who is leaving for the front shortly, being present. The National Anthem and “God bless our Splendid Men” were then sung and a retirement made to the drawing room where songs, recitations, etc., were the order of the night. Mr Isaac, sen., gave “Bruce and the Spider”, and Mr J. Pryor “The Gallipoli Charge” and “The Empire's Call.” . Miss Chamberlain delighted the guests with a number of charming songs, whilst Miss Bennett was equally appreciated on the pianoforte, a number of instrumental duets being also contributed by the same young lady with Miss Chamberlain, who is also an accomplished pianiste. Cornish stories were told and games indulged in until the small hours when the Burra friends left by motor. The fun was continued for some time and before leaving, those present thanked the host and hostess for the pleasant evening passed, one which would be remembered for many a long day. Mr and Mrs Humphrys were the recipients of many beautiful and costly presents in silver from different parts of the State.

The 2nd son Clarence died while overseas in France in the 1st world war.

Clement Humphrys married Maude Alice Penna Snider Bennett in 1916 and presumably worked the property with his father and brother, and Thorn’s 1st grandchild, Viva Hazel was born in 1917 at Kooringa.



Elijah Thorn Humphrys died in 1919 from Tetanus and the Hanson property was left to Clement Arnold Humphrys.
The Advertiser, Wed 17 Dec 1919
On Saturday, at the residence of Mr. William Woollacott (his grand daughters Mabella (Duke) husband), Aberdeen, the death occurred of Mr. Elijah Thorn Humphrys, of Hanson, at the age of 54. Mr. Humphrys was one of the most highly respected residents of the district. A successful business man, and of a cheerful and benevolent disposition; a member and stanch supporter of the Methodist Church. His illness lasted only a couple of days, tetanus having been induced by a slight injury, to a little finger. Two years ago Mr. and Mrs. Humphrys lost a son at the front, Private M. Humphrys, of the 47th Battalion. Beside the widow a son and daughter are left.

The property was sold in 1926, and Clement, Maude and his 4 children, Viva, Thelma, Dorothy and Laurel moved to Adelaide, where Clement invested his money in several properties, in the eastern suburbs, and a property at Summertown in the Adelaide Hills.

May Humphrys lived in one of those properties (3 Boskenna Ave Norwood) until her death in 1955 and Jesse 2 Humphrys lived in one of these properties (19 Aveland Ave North Norwood).

Minetta Pauline May Humphrys b 15/3/1895 Redruth SA d 1988

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The following photo of the Hanson (Farrell’s Flat School 1907) was obtained from the Burra Library 2014 Minetta and Clarence are the ones holding the bicycles. Top Row:- Emily Stockman, Rita Humphrys, Myra Humphrys, Albert Dixon, Burt Blunt, Frank Ogorman, Silas Dixon. 2nd Row Charles Stockman, Allan Humphrys, Thomas Dixon, Hedley Bishop, Stanley Bishop, Robert Dixon. #rd Row Myrtle Motherall, Minnie Stockman, Nellie Ogorman, Clara Motherall, Fay Peak, Jean Jorgon, Edith Dixon. Front:- Rueben Rogers, Ted Blunt, Maurice Humphrys, Robert Motherall


1919 Burra Record 23 July :- On Saturday, the 12th July 1919 (), at the residience of the bride's parents, 'May thorn,' Hanson, Miss Minetta P. M. Humphrys, only daughter of Mr and Mrs E. Thorn Humphrys, was united in marriage, witb Mr Wilfred F. Ford, ex Sergt.-Major of the Camel Transport Corps. Mr Ford, was invalided home, again returned to the front, .where he was badly wounded. The bride was beautifully attired in white crepe de chene, orange blossom and veil, add carried a horse-shoe shower bouquet of everlastings and ferns, with streamers of green and gold, colours of the bride groom, and wore a gold necklet and pendant. The bridesmaid. Miss Myrtle Motherall, was dressed in cream fugi silk and white felt hat, with bouquet of sale oink and white flowers, and wore a ruby Southern' Cross with gold Australia centre, the gift of the bridegroom. The bridegroom and groomsman, Pte R Ford, 50th Batt. late 10th, brother of the bridegroom, were in uniform. The Wedding March was played on the conclusion of the ceremony, and the company - adjourned to a sumptuous breakfast. The bridegroom's gift to the bride was a set of fox fore, the bride's present to the bridegroom being a pair of gold sleevelinks. The bride was the recipient of many useful and beautiful presents.

Clarence Melvin Humphrys - WW1 Service

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IN MEMORIAM. Click for Clarence's War details
HUMPHRYS. — In sad and loving memory of our dear son. Private Clarence Melvin Humphrys, No. 2032, 43rd Battalion, A.I.F., who died of wounds, at Rouen Convalescent Camp, France, on October 6th, 1917. The ceaseless ache, the emptiness, the woe, the pang of loss, The strength that sinks beneath so sore a cross, Heedless and careless the world wags on, And leaves me broken, Oh ! my son ! my son ! Yet, think of this, yea rather think of this— He died, is few men get the chance to die. Fighting to save a world's morality. He died the noblest death a man may die, Fighting for god and right and liberty, And such a death is immortality. He died from wounds received when in a trench, His God was with him and he did not blench, Filled him with holy fires that naught could quench, And when He saw his work on earth was done, He gently called to him My son, my son! I need thee for a greater work than this, Thy faith, thy zeal, thy fine activities, Are worthy of my larger liberties. Then took him by the hand and spoke in tender lay, And side by side they climbed the Heavenly way. — Inserted by his loving father and mother, Mr and Mrs E. T. Humphrys, "Maythorn," Hanson. HUMPHRYS.— In sad but loving memory of our dear brother, Clarence, who died of wounds, October 6th, 1917, at Rouen. France. Not dead to us, — we love him still, Not lost— but gone before. He dwells with us in memory, And will for evermore. —Inserted by his loving brother and sister-in-law (Clem and Maude) and little niece, Viva.

Clarence Melvin Humphrys - WW1 Diary Excerpts

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Clarences War Diary - Chapter 1, 8 and 10 give an insight into his standards, morality, family values and sensitivity.

Chapter 1. Farewells and transport ship to Perth, then Cape Town

Commencing from the day I left camp to go on my long leave.

Friday 7 July 1916. Rose very early to catch train. Had to race for a car (train carriage) and put my "puttees" (leggings wrapped spirally around lower leg) on in the car. When I reached home went out with Maud(e) and Lily in the sulky with Clem and Rob’s dinner. Gave all a surprise at home.

Saturday 8 July 1916
Given a reception at Hanson in the evening. Presented with a silver watch from Hanson friends and a gold medal from F.F.R.C.(Farrell Flat R Church?) Had a good time.

Sunday 9 July 1916
Went to Hanson church in the afternoon. Minister failed to keep appointment so Mr Mothwall took it. After service went to bid farewell to Mrs James who had very recently lost husband by heart failure. In evening went to F.F (Farrell Flat) church. Received a pleasant surprise. Willie preached (William Humphrys b1844 is Jesse’s brother and was a Minister/farmer in Hamley Bridge) and when the service was over Mr Samson the baker got up and spoke of my leaving for the front. He said that hearing that I was going to be present in the evening, they the congregation, had taken the opportunity to present a bible.

Monday 10 July 1916
Busy packing in the morning part packing my kit. In the afternoon rode motor round to Aunt Sarah’s (Aunt Sarah Teddy? or Sarah Anne Duke Humphrys?) to say goodbye and from there rode with Clem and Maud(e) in hooded trap to Hanson. Lily Bishop gave me a parcel containing a fine balaclava cap and a purse and silver cross from her mother. A fair number were there to bid me farewell. Several pairs of socks were also given me. When train passed our homestead I had one long look and fixed it well in my memory. Rob was waving busily and the cows were lying in the paddock by the house. I said goodbye to C(lem) at Farrell Flat (R.S.).

Nothing of importance occurred until we reached Adelaide. Went to Mrs Atkinson's. Nellie sowed tapes on my socks, stayed there that night.

Thursday 13 July 1916
Returned to camp, my troops were already on the march for Mitcham station. I joined them and Lieutenant Kay gave me my embarkation card. Boarded train, the whole of route was filled with enthusiastic people who cheered us as we sped along. The carriages were very crowded, I got in a compartment with Mr Goode who was in charge of some standbys. One of them expressed the hope that some of the troops would not turn up as he wanted to go badly. When we passed through Port Adelaide there was a vast crowd to give us a good send off. Sammy Lunn was there with messages and a cheer for the soldiers. We passed through and then on to Outer Harbour. Nell, May and Linda were already there and gave me purple and blue ribbons to throw to them from the transport (Seang Bee). We all went below and put away kit bags and then rushed for top deck. I scrambled on an out house as I couldn’t see anything from below. Nell & Linda soon spotted me and I threw them my ribbons. Mrs Smart appeared a short time after having caught a later train. Sammy Lunn was busily calling for cheers from the crowd and from the soldiers for those left behind. He had no difficulty in getting it from either. Mrs Smart had given me a red, white and blue ribbon to hold. At length the ship started and we slowly drew away from the shore. I kept the ribbons as a token of the friendship of the Adelaide friends.

Friday 14 July 1916
Weather a trifle rough (sailing to Fremantle), Ted Williams and I were lying up by the bow and a wave came over, passed right above us and wetted a number of other lads. I felt a bit sea sick so ran to the centre of the ship and lay down. It passed away. I forgot to mention that Linda gave me a half penny for luck, and I gave her the penny bit yesterday. (SS?) Mongolia passed us today.

Chapter 8 On leave to London

Monday 23 October 1916
The day of days has arrived . We are to see the great city on which the world is supposed to revolve. We were marched to Amesbury station after having been inspected by Lieutenant Chumleigh. Everyone was spruced up for the occasion and looking his best. It showered a little on the 2 mile march and took the gloss of our well polished boots. The special train awaited at the little station and everyone felt in holiday spirits. The carriages were well padded and comfortable. We were soon speeding on our way to the great city. The line passed through pretty scenery and was seldom on level country. The land seems to be all hills and dales. On arrival at Waterloo Station we set out for a place to dine and to order beds for the night. We went or at least some of us went to the A.I.F. in Horseferry Road. We had a big dinner on a real white table cloth. We sailed through the three courses in fine style. After dinner it behoved me to look up my cousin Harry who is in the motor transport at Grove Park. The ever obliging policeman, who is indeed a walking directory, gave me the required information. I rode in a tram part of the way and then caught a bus which took me within a mile of the camp and then a lad driving a goods van gave me a lift to the camp. After a bit of a search I found the place where my cousin was billeted. He was not in, so strolled around to the soldiers club and had a game of billiards. When Harry arrived, he soon looked me up and make himself known. We had lunch together and after had had changed his clothes we went for a walk. We walked, the search lights illuminating the sky, keeping a lookout for the zeppelins. In our wanderings we struck a jewellery shop and I bought a wristlet compass which was luminous for night use. It has a locking device to hold the needle tight so as not to strain it by bumps. I made back to Horseferry Road, catching a Victoria tram and dropped in at a place where they had strength testing machines, tried a punch ball and registered 150 lbs and then wended my way back to sleeping quarters. The room in which we slept was a very large place and is filled with beds. The mates were already in bed and I was not long falling asleep.

Tuesday 24 October 1916
When we woke the next morning we were feeling quite strange not to hear the reveille as usual. Had a good breakfast and then set out to see the sights. We first started at St Paul’s Cathedral. At St Paul’s found a great number of pigeons which were very tame and could be fed by hand. In this great and lofty structure we entered and saw the tombs of the great dead. Wellington’s tomb is first seen and then Major General Gordon who died in the execution of duty to his country. Above the altar is a representation of Christ on the cross with a legion of angels flying around the Saviour’s head. Around his feet are seen the Mother of Jesus mourning, also others in attitudes of sorrow. From there we went to the crypt which is about 20 feet below the level of the street. A guide showed us over the place and gave us information concerning the different tablets, tombs etc. The Tablet erected to the memory of Cruikshanks the “cartoonist and illustrator of Dickens works” was first seen. The stone above the last resting place of Williams, the founder of the Christian Endeavour movement was also seen. We then came to a tablet in the crypt erected to the memory of Cruikshanks who illustrated a lot of Dickens works. The great carriage or wagon on which was built to carry the remains of Nelson to his last resting place is also in the crypt, having been taken to pieces and then put together, again down in the crypt. It is very beautiful piece of workmanship and is made entirely of bronze from the guns captured by this great sea Lord. It weighs about 18 tons and was pulled by 12 horses. An amusing thing was noticed by a very old resident who was a small boy at the time when the remains of Nelson was carried to its resting place. When the huge affair was being pulled through the streets they had to go down a rather steep incline and the services of all the fat policemen were taken and they sat back in the breeching by means of a rope and helped to steady the pace a bit. In the memorial service there were 12,000 people in one vast crowd. We also saw the memorial to Lord Roberts and the flowers put there by the Indians who had visited the cathedral. They are very proud of Roberts. There was also a tablet to the memory of Sam Browne after whom a belt is named (a wide belt supported by a narrower strap diagonally over the right shoulder). There was also a tablet to the memory of the Lady of the Lamp for whom everyone have a great respect for if she had not been so heroic things would have perhaps be worse in the nursing line for soldiers than it is today. This day was the anniversary of Battle of Trafalgar and Lord Nelsons monument was covered around the base with wreaths. After looking around the crypt of the cathedral we mounted the winding stairway which leads to the dome and library. We saw some beautiful old paintings of the crucifixion by some of the old masters. From there we mounted to the balcony which runs around the dome. A fine view can be obtained from here. The people on the streets look like ants. We were not permitted to go right to the top. It is 627 steps to the very top. We then retraced our steps and a little distance and went inside the dome to the whispering gallery. It is about 60 feet across and by whispering close to the wall the voice is heard quite distinctly on the opposite side. I was a bit sceptical and so went around myself to talk to my mates who remained seated. The guide told me to give a cooee. He meant to whisper it but I gave a good Australian cooee which fairly made the welkin (the sky, the vault of heaven) ring and almost deafened my chums on the opposite side. The guide got a start as he thought he might get into trouble for allowing such a noise. I whispered quite low and they heard it distinctly on the opposite side. We then walked to the Tower of London which lays close by. Khaki is shown free, we were met by the old beef-eaters in their quaint costumes. They are veterans and have quite a number of medals on their chest. We were shown first over the Bloody Tower in which the two princes Arthur and Hubert were smothered and in which Sir Walter Raleigh was imprisoned for so long. It is a room where a great number of sad events have taken place. We were shown the apparatus which was used to lift the gate to keep any boats to come in from the moat. It is still in working order and the old oak is still good. From there we went to see the Crown Jewels. It was a magnificent spectacle, the diamond studded crowns and maces looking very beautiful. There was also exquisite work in gold. The famous Koh-i-noor diamond which is about the size of an egg now that it is cut was there fitted in a sword hilt. From there we visited the dungeons which are brightened up considerably by means of the electric light. When the prisoners were there hardly a ray of sunshine found its way in. There are numerous carvings on the walls made by some unhappy prisoners in the past. Some of them were very neatly done probably by some blunt instrument. We were then showed over the armoury. This armoury is believed to be the biggest in England. There was every description of armour worn by the knights of old. There was horse armour, Kings armour and pages armour. Henry V111’s armour was seen which he used when he was so stout. It weighs about a hundred pounds. We passed out and saw a spot on which Lady Jane Grey was beheaded. It commenced to rain then and we went to see Tower Bridge. In peace time pedestrians are allowed to walk over the top bridge when the ships are passing through. We were not permitted to go up as anti aircraft guns etc are mounted on it. I stood on the centre of the bridge at the spot where the two great pieces meet. Heavy traffic cause the two separate pieces to move up and down. We caught a tube train back to Baker St Station. After tea we went to see Madame Tussaud’s famous wax works. It would take a book to describe all that was seen there. It is a splendid collection and is a sight that no-one should miss seeing on a visit to London. There was a life size figure of Queen Mary standing on a platform or stage and she looked very natural. Beside wax work there was trophies of different occurrences which had taken place. There was a piece of a German shell which was fired on one of the English sea ports at the beginning of the war. It decapitated a coastguardsman who went in his house to rescue his children. It showed the cap he was wearing very much cut about. I saw also the bath in which Smith drowned his last wife and the wax effigy of him alongside. No expense was spared to make this place up to the real top notch. They had the pearl inlaid piano of a great German composer there. I ran my fingers over the keys and found it a bit out of tune. It would take a long time to describe all that was seen. There was a head of Marie Antoinette, the figure of the last King of France and his wife who were guillotined and a model guillotine. One could spend a whole day in this place. We returned to the A.I.F. Club in Horseferry Road and had supper before retiring. I had a bed in a different room to my mates as mine was booked. I slept that soundly that I never woke until 11.00 the next morning.

Wednesday 25 October 1916
When I awoke I was very surprised to see the time. My mates had gone so I went for a walk to Regent St. Riding part way on the bus. I saw the Marble Arch which is a pretty monument. On my ramble I saw a house in which one Duke used to reside, but is now used as a hospital. Had tea at a beautiful restaurant called the Corner House, with a string band in attendance. The food was a change to camp fare and would rather tend to upset. I bought a leather waist coat which I have no doubt will prove useful in the trenches. In the evening I went to a cinema. When I came out I saw a young man who was just knocked down by a motor bus. He was badly stunned and the police were soon on the scene. I walked through Piccadilly and Leicester Square getting in a tube near Trafalgar Square. Before retiring I called at a place where they have punching machines, weight lifting etc. I made the punching machine register 450 lbs and lifted 650 on the lifting machine. There was quite a variety of strength testing machines there. When I got to the A.I.F. I had a talk with a couple of the wounded lads. One had got a bullet right through an inch above the heart. He said it felt like a red hot needle. Another had one through his leg. When I got to bed, I found my mates had already retired. I was not long in getting into dreamland myself.

Thursday 26 October 1916
Today is our last day in London for some time at any rate, so we put in as much time as possible. We rose at about 7 and had breakfast and then set out to see the Kings stables. It was situated close to Buckingham Palace, so we had a look at this fine old building. Before reaching the gate one comes to a very large statue of the good old Queen Victoria, who was loved so well by all. It is done in marble and has other figures around it. Two of which appear to denote industry and agriculture, with a lion standing by the side of each. We passed by the sentry who guards the gates to keep all out except the privileged few. We went from there and made an appointment to look over the Kings stables. As we had plenty of time before we would be allowed over the stables we took a walk around that part of the town. In going up one street we noticed a woman blowing a whistle which I learned was for the purpose of calling a taxi. We found ourselves in a fashionable quarter and noticed the very short skirt worn by even the middle aged lady, We went to see the museum and spent a very enjoyable couple of hours. In this museum we saw Lord Kitchener’s diamond studded sword. A saddle used by Blucher at the Battle of Waterloo. A complete miniature of the Battle of Waterloo which was about 14 x 10 ft. It showed the ground in the hills and valleys, the guns and soldiers complete. It is a very interesting sight. There was a number of tom toms or native drums and every type of gun from the very earliest period some of which are very crude indeed. Some of the guns which the soldiers had to carry must have weighed about a cwt. There was a crossbow and the bow and arrow used by the ancients. Every kind of armour was there. Guns from the Spanish Armada etc. We were shown over the Kings stables by some of the grooms and found that the horses were in as good quarters as a great number of people live in. Everything is up to the T. The blacks were there. We were unable to see the greys as they were sent to a different place when the war broke out. The harness used on the horses was very beautiful and takes a good deal of looking after. We were shown the late King Edward’s charger and the horse that King George rode at the review of Australian troops on Salisbury Plains. His name is Delkin and I patted him on the neck. He is a docile animal. After which we were shown the state coach which weights several tons and is a fine piece of workmanship. It never goes at more than a walking pace. It is beautifully sprung. There is oil painting on the panels by some famous painter. We were also shown a sleigh used by the late Queen Victoria when she was a girl in Scotland. We then went back to A.I.F, collected our parcels and set out for station. We called at Union Jack Club for soldiers and sailors and found several more of our mates. Had to wait a while for the train. When we got on board we all settled down for a sleep. I got down on the floor and we were soon asleep. When we got out at Amesbury we felt the cold coming off the plains. We warmed up by the time we reached the camp which was about 3 o’clock. It commenced to rain soon after our arrival and kept going just about all night. The lads who did not go from our hut, had our beds made ready for us to get in our return.

Chapter 10 On leave to Bristol, Radstock and Hemington

Saturday 4 November 1916
The snipers were to go on field practice today and as it would interfere with my leave, I asked for exemption from parade from Lieutenant Gilpin. It was granted and I cleaned myself up and had a shave in preparation to going to see my relatives at Bristol. I was unable to get away until after dinner, I took a car from Lark Hill to Amesbury and then caught a motor bus from there. The bus arrived at Salisbury just in time to catch the Great Western to Bristol. I was not long getting aboard and then the train carried me, at not a very great rate to Bristol. On arrival I found that the rain was coming down fairly hard. I took a taxi and was soon at Cousin Jesse’s house in City Road. (J.J.Humphrys 45 City Road Stokes Croft Bristol). My cousin’s wife was expecting me and saw me before I had time to note the number. I went in and Jesse was there and gave me a warm welcome. Tea was soon ready and Marion, his daughter, was introduced to me. She is not unlike Harry and is a big girl for her age. He has another son called Jesse, who has been a sufferer in his infancy and he has not grown very quickly. I also met his wife’s mother, who is bordering on 80, is a very lively woman indeed. There was plenty to say about Australia and the camp. After tea, cousin Jesse took me to have a glance over the town as in the morning we would not have the opportunity as we intended going to see some more of the Humphrys tribe at Radstock, which is near grandfather’s birth place (Jesse b1835). He showed me some places which were interesting although it was dark to gain any idea except the shape. We passed over a corner of the street and my cousin said that he could remember when the river flowed through there and a draw bridge had to be lowered to allow the traffic to cross. It is all covered now and the river flows underneath. We board an electric car and set out for the Clifton suspension bridge which is a very famous structure. The centre of the span being about 370 ft from the River Avon which flows beneath. We followed the level of the stream along until we were almost level with the bridge which appeared like a big rope in the sky. We alighted from the car and went to a lift which is not a perpendicular rise, but is like a very steep railway track. The car is drawn up by hydraulic power. On arrival at the top we went to the bridge. Unfortunately it was raining as well as dark, and so we could not get the view that I should like to have obtained. My cousin informed me that up to date 28 had gone over the bridge in an attempt to commit suicide in some cases they were successful, in others they were not. One lady jumped over and her crinoline skirts acted like a parachute and let her down with a great deal less violence. Bristol was the home of John Wesley and Queen Victoria used to stay there. I returned to the home of my cousin again and I found several more of their relations who had come to see me. Harry’s sweetheart came around and a very enjoyable evening was passed with conversing of Australia, camp etc. The piano was brought into action and Harry’s intended having a good voice. Things went smoothly. It was midnight by the time I retired.

Sunday 5 November 1916
I was awakened next morning and found breakfast waiting me. I had a good breakfast and cousin Jesse and his son (Harry) and I said goodbye to the family and started off on foot to catch a train to Radstock. I said goodbye for I thought maybe I would not be able to come back that way as trains were not running at suitable times. It rained all the way toRadstock and when we got out at the sleepy little station there was no one to meet us as we discovered subsequently that the relations had not got my cousin Jesse’s letters informing them of our intention to visit them. It was a 3 mile walk and the rain peppered down. (Hemington is 3 miles from Radstock..NB) We were soon wet through in spite of coats. We got to the little village at last where my grandfather’s brother still lives (Thomas b1828). He is about 89 years of age and is very feeble. His daughter keeps house and looks after him. I was told that the old man lived in his thatched house up to a short time ago. It was very old and the roof of the back soon fell in. Despite this, he refused to leave the old place. Things got so bad that one day when it was raining he was sitting inside with an umbrella up to keep the rain off. After that they managed to get him away. We did not stay many minutes as we wanted to visit a couple of his sons places and also to change our wet clothes and dry the damp ones. We called at one and he gave us each a change of clothes. They were all eager to hear about Australia and listened with interest to the description of machinery which is used on the farms in Australia. Had dinner and felt very much more comfortable than we did when the rain was soaking in. When the clothes had dried sufficiently I changed back to the Khakis and went round to the little Primitive Methodist Sunday School. One of Uncle Joe’s sons being the superintendent. I played the organ and helped to sing. After Sunday School came out, I went around with another of Uncle Joe’s grandsons and had tea with them. The lad is called Arthur and has a brother called Hubert. He and his brother are very nice lads and work in a colliery in which their father is foreman. I had to tell them a lot about the land which lies so far away and as much of my grandfather (Jesse Humphrys b1835) as I could. At about 6 o’clock, Hubert and I walked to the railway station to catch a train back to Amesbury. I bid goodbye to the folk and cousin Jesse, as he had to catch a different train and I was going a different route. The walk to the station was through some very pretty woods and on our right was some big grounds walled in by some big landlords who preserve their land for hunting. Had to wait a few minutes at the station for train and Hubert expressed his desire to go to Australia. He said he would like to see the land which held so much promise. On the arrival of the train I bid goodbye and in a few minutes I had to change at Westbury. I changed at 3 stations before I arrived back to camp in the small hours of the morning.

from http://maps.nls.uk/view/101168777

Ellen Smith, William Henry Pascoe and William Snider

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Ellen Smith was born 3 Dec 1858 in Blackford County SA and died 20 Nov 1945 aged 87yrs at Peterborough and buried in the Snider grave Peterborough cemetery. The cause of her death was Cerebral Haemorrhage, Arteriosclerosis, Hyperplesia.

Noted events in her life:-

Ellen had a relationship with William Henry Pascoe, (b1822 Cornwall?) a 56?yo storekeeper in Kingston, and as a result Annie Adelaide was born June 1878. Ellen and William Henry did not marry.

Ellen (20yo) married William Snider(21?yo)12 Oct 1878 in residence of Mrs J Smith (wife of brother John Henry?

William Snider also known as Wilhelm Schneider was born 14 Jun 1857 in Stettin Prussia Germany to Frederick Schneider and unknown mother. William died (suicide) 23 Aug 1894 42yo, near McDonald Hill near Silverton.

Noted events in his life were:-

Children from the marriage


William moved his family to Olary, where he worked on the Gawler, Hanson, Burra to Cockburn (Broken Hill) line.

William Henry Pascoe 1856-1907

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1878 Ellen Smith had a relationship with William Henry Pascoe, (b1822 Cornwall) storekeeper in Kingston, and as a result Annie Adelaide was born June 1878. Ellen and William Henry did not marry.
1883 William Henry married Sarah Anne Brown PASCOE-BROWN.-On the 31st inst., at the residence of the bride's father, by Mr. Chas. Clark, William Henry Pascoe, storekeeper, Millicent, to Sarah Ann Brown, eldest daughter of Mr. W. Brown, Millicent.
1885 An application to have the storekeeper'e wine and spirit lience held by James Badenoch, Port MacDonnell, transferred to William Henry Pascoe.
1886 W.H. Pascoe councillor for Port MacDonnell Ward also in 1889 & 1896
1887, 1888 Border Watch Licensing Bench : W.H.Pascoe of Meylin St, Store Keepers and Colonial Wine Licences renewed
1899 Port MacDonnel Court April 7 1899 William Henry Pascoe v Charles DeLongville , then W.H.Pascoe v Thomas Sawkins £13 9s 3d owed, but unable to repay – order to pay 2s6d a week.
1890 LICENSING BENCH. June 2. Application to remove storekeeper's licence to other premises. - Pascoe, William Henry, from store, Meylin Street, to store, Sea Parade, Port MacDonnell Application to remove colonial wine licence to other premises. Pascoe, William Henry, from store, Meylin street, to store, Sea Parade, Port MacDonnell. Renewed again in Mar 1891 1894 & 1900
1907 Border Watch Licensing Bench : W.H.Pascoe Store Keepers and Colonial Wine Licences renewed
1907 OBITUARY. Border Watch Mt Gambier Sat 5 October 1907 Mr. W. H. Pascoe.-Our Port MacDonnell correspondent writes: - A great loss was sustained by this district on Tuesday evening last, when Mr. W. H. Pascoe, merchant, passed away. This event has caused a gloom to settle over the township, and the flags are flying at half-mast on all flagstaffs. The deceased was exceptionally well known in this part, and there was hardly a person in the neighbourhood who had not had business transactions with him. He has carried on a large business as general storekeeper, and shipping agent, and has been connected with this place for something over 23 years. The deceased has always had the welfare of the district at heart, and has been to the fore in any movement for its benefit. He was a Justice of the Peace, treasurer to the Regatta Committee (met at MacDonnell Bay Hotel) for a great number of years, and a member of the district council. The deceased had suffered from heart trouble for a considerable time, but had not been incapacitated ; in fact, just previous to his death he seemed to be enjoying good health, and was in the best of spirits. He had been working in his office on Tuesday evening till, within a short time after eleven o'clock, and after locking up went home. His wife hearing a slight noise went downstairs, and was only in time to receive his last utterance. The greatest sympathy is felt for Miss Pascoe and the children in their sad bereavement. One daughter was away in Adelaide, and the two sons in New South Wales, when the deceased passed away, and there is a probability that the latter cannot arrive in time to attend the funeral, which takes place tomorrow.
1912 Border Watch Mar - Renewals were granted as follow Storekeepers. Licence;-: Sarah Ann Pascoe, Sea Parade Port MacDonnell. .. - . -Storekeepers' Australian Wine Licence:- Sarah Ann Pascoe, Sea Parade Port MacDonnell.
1915 Publicans' Licences and Billiards. William Henry(Harry) Pascoe??, MacDonnell Bay Hotel, Port MacDonnell.
1917 applications for publican's licences &billiards were granted William Harry Pascoe, Port MacDonnell Hotel, Port MacDonnell.
1924 OBITUARY. Border Watch Mt Gambier Tues 18 April 1924 - . Mrs. Sarah Anne Pascoe, widow of the late William Henry Pascoe of Port MacDonnell, passed peacefully away at her residence, Dulwich, on Sunday, April 13, at the age of 63 years. The deceased was born at Hamilton, Victoria, on September 15, 1860, and when nine mouths old went with her parents to reside at Port MacDonnell, where she spent the early part of her life. Later she went to Millicent, where she lived till her marriage, in 1883, when she returned to Port Macdonnell. From that time until about four years ago she had| been in business in that place. She took a keen interest in all affairs for the welfare of the port, especially in connection with St. Thomas's Anglican Church and was always ready to help in cases of sickness. She leaves one son (Mr.Harry Pascoe of Port MacDonnell) and three daughters (Mrs. J. H. Broughan, of Port Lincoln; Mrs. A. E. Southam, of Dulwich; and Miss Pearl Pascoe,Dulwich and one grandson survive. Two sons predeceased her.
1935 MacDonnell Bay Hotel Delicensed Border Watch Dec 1935 :- After 1907 it was purchased by Mr Rook and after extensive alterations it was leased to Mr Harry Pascoe, then later to Mr Papworth and others.
1948 PASCOE-On October 12 at his residence, Port MacDonnell, William Harry, late dearly beloved husband of Clara Beatrice Pascoe, loved father of Jack. aged 64 years. The friends of the late Mr. William Harry Pascoe of Port MacDonnell, are respectfully informed that his funeral will leave his late residence, Port MacDonnell, Wednesday at 2.30 p.m. for the Port MacDonnell cemetery.

Click for Wikipedia's Stettin (Szczecin in Polish)

Stettin or Szczecin in Polish>


Stargard Castle being renovated 2012


Annie Adelaide (Pascoe Smith Snider) Bennett , John Penna and Sidney Bennett

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Annie Adelaide was born to Ellen Smith on 16 Jun 1878 Kingston and d1956, her father being Henry Pascoe, a storekeeper from Kingston with which Ellen Smith (mother) had a relationship but did not marry.

William Snider, a widower and ex Seaman from Prussia,( and later New Zealand) married her mother in Oct 1878 (hence was Annie's step father).

Annie was to be a step sister to 9 more children of Ellen and William.

She would have been brought up in Kingston, Reedy Creek, Binnum, and Bordertown (the towns on the various childrens birth certificates) where her father William Snider was working on various Railway projects.

When the family moved for William Snider’s new job on the SA Railways – Northern Line, they lived at Olary until William Sniders suicide death at 42years. 1894.

The suicide was due partly to the pregnancy of Annie to a John Penna but John Penna refused to marry Annie.

William Snider was thought to have been worried how he was going to support yet another child in the household. (as it turned out, the Petersburg (Peterborough) court did get John Penna to compensate £80 to the family .- too late for William). The court ruling on Oct 5th 1894 was "John Penna of Yunta Teamster (woolcarting) did at Olary in the province aforesaid leave his illegitimate child named Maude Alice Penna, without adequate means of support".

Recent articles about Tom Kruse and his legendary outback mail delivery, indicate that John Penna had become a well respected businessman in Yunta. "In 1932, John Penna, local shopkeeper and postmaster of Yunta, South Australia, was impressed with Tom's (Kruse) ability as a hard worker and offered him full time employment when he was just eighteen. This was the start of Tom's career as a truck driver because John Penna also owned a carting business and three mail deliveries out of town."

The child was named Maude Alice (Penna Snider) Bennett, b 8-6-1894.

A fellow railway worker/colleague of William Snider's, a 29yo Sidney Bennett married the 16yo Annie in Mar 1895.

Sidney John Bennett b 6 Apr 1866 (Union Workhouse Wardour – Tisbury, Wiltshire).

Son of John Bennett and Ann (Foot nee Morgan) died 25 Jan 1938 of Bronco Pneumonia in Gawler South Hospital.

Noted events in Sidney's life


Annie and Sidneys children were:-

Bennett's house (1923 – 1938) at 2 Sixteenth st Gawler South(very close to Railway Station).


We can assume that Maude stayed with Annie and Sidney, when having Laurel May Humphrys (Brooks) at Gawler 1924.

Annie Adelaide Snider and John Penna.

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Maude Alice Penna Snider Bennett (1894-1967) was the daughter of Annie Adelaide Snider and John Penna of Yunta. John Penna refused to marry Annie who was only 16yo.

John Penna b1870, a 24 year old who was courting Annie Adelaide, turned out to be a fascinating and well known character of Yunta, and so I will include this summary, even though there is no scientific proof John was the father, as he denies he was in a Peterborough Magistrates Court Case published on Saturday October 6, 1894. A summary of it is:- · John Penna of Yunta, Teamster was charged on the information of A. A. Smith with having on June 8 left his illegitimate female child without adequate means of support. · Mr. Limbert, (for J.Penna) raised a number of preliminary legal objections, which were overruled. · The defendant absolutely denied that he had ever had any undue intimacy with the informant, and stated that at the time the informant said he was intimate with her he was absent woolcarting. · The court made an order for payment of 6s, per week from birth of child with £6 13s. costs. · Ellen Snider was living with William Shnider linesman and ganger on Coburn line at Yunta in January 7 1893. · Ellen had no objections in John Penna keeping company with Annie as she thought his intentions were honourable. · John Penna was 24yo and earning 30/- per week.

The Snider family, after the fathers suicide moved to Peterborough in 1895. Sidney Bennett a 29yo railway worker (a colleague of Annie’s decd father) proposed and they married, making Sidney the step father of Maude Alice Penna Snider Bennett.


John however, made Yunta his home for the next 30 years and his life can be overviewed from articles in the Chronicle and other newspapers (accessed via the internet using the national Library of Australia TROVE facility see example URL following). http://trove.nla.gov.au/ndp/del/article/87770202?searchTerm=arnold%20john%20penna%20yunta%20gawler&searchLimits

1888 Teetulpa goldfields. According to an interview of John Penna in 1932, John had returned from Hammond (between Wilmington and Carrieton in the Flinders ranges) and tried his luck in the gold fields 30 miles North West from Yunta with out success. He then took up teamstering with William Nicholls at Yunta for 7 years, after that he drove the mail coach to Erudina via Waukaringa for 9 years. In a 1944 Newspaper article John Penna had said he went to Teetulpa diggings in 1888, except for a break of 2 years in Western Australia.


1893-4 He courted Annie Adelaide Snider at Yunta, resulting in Maude Alice Penna Snider Bennett. In the Magistrate’s Court he stated he was Woolcarting to Yunta railway station.

1895 John married May Stott around 1895, as his son Arnold John was born 1896. The 1917 Obituary of Mrs William Stott of Minburra (30kms East Orroroo, 53Kms West of Yunta) said she left 5 daughters, one being May (Mrs J.J. Penna of Yunta). ). John married May Stott at William John Wade’s Panaramatee Station 1895. Arnold John was born 1896 Yunta.

1898 Feb 5 Mail Services Tenders acceptance was published - J.J.Penna Yunta Nillinghoo and Erudina. (Nillinghoo Gold Fields are north of Waukaringa).

1902 Twin Sisters Ethel Ivy and Hilda May Penna born in May 1902 at Yunta.

1904 Mr. John Penna, the genial whip, who has been, driving for Mr. W. Nicholls, the mail contractor, for some years, was tendered a smoke social at Curnamona on Saturday night on the occasion of the last trip to Erudina by the present contractor. It is not known what exact date but assisted by Messrs. Hamilton and Wilcox, he opened a store at Yunta which business he conducted to 1932 and often piloted a motor lorry carrying goods to stations “out in the big spaces”.

1908 Elsie Evelyn Penna was born. 1910 Public schools list have May Penna, Ethel Penna involved in the Yunta School. Head master was E.F.O’Brien

1915 Large gathering at the residence of Mr and Mrs J.J. Penna, farewelling F.Prentice WW1, mentioning May, Ethel and Evelyn Penna.

1915 Aug, Chronicle reports First load of Wool received at Yunta by Mr J.Penna’s team.

1917 May Penna’s mother Mrs William Stott of Minburra dies.

1918 Mail Services Tenders acceptance was published J.J.Penna Yunta Nillinghoo and Erudina.

1918 Aug, Chronicle reports First load of Wool received at Yunta by Mr J.Penna’s team. Nov bJ.Penna added to the list of Justices of the Peace.

1923 The engagement is announced of Hilda May, twin daughter of Mr.and Mrs. J. Penna, Yunta, to Arthur White, youngest son of Mrs. K. Hooper, Broken Hill.

1924 July 18 a Euchre and Dance was held in the Yunta Hall, 1st mention of Arnold Penna. A leap year ball was held In the Yunta Hall on September 19, Ethel. May, and Eve Penna were M'.C?

1925 Marriage of Hilda May, twin daughter of Mr.and Mrs. J. Penna, Yunta, to Arthur White, youngest son of Mrs. K. Hooper, Broken Hill.

1924 Sept 11 at the Show Week Wool Exchange an Auction of well-known West Coast Sheep Grazing Property, Chickerloo Station, near Bramfield 30 miles east of Elliston on a walk-in, walk-out basis, comprising 22,047 ACRES PERPETUAL LEASE, and 28 SQUARE MILES PASTORAL LEASE. It is assumed J.J. Penna was successful at this Auction.


1926 Goldsbrough, Mort & Co., Ltd., report having held a clearing sale at Yunta, on account of Mr. John Penna on Friday, March 13. 1926.

1931 Miss Norma Gunn, of Chickerloo Stud, at Bamfield, on Eyre's Peninsula."We live 100 miles from Port Lincoln," she said. "Chickerloo embraces 40,000 acres. At one time our place was known as Nilkerloo. It is ideal country for either horsebreeding or sheepraising. (It is suggested that the Gunns were station managers for John Penna)

1933 The Chronicle wrote an article about Mr. John Penna, mailman, post master, contractor, and generally the best known man in Yunta, delivering 30 rams to Koonamore Station.

1932 In the book about Tom Kruse the outback mailman, “John Penna, local shopkeeper and Postmaster of Yunta was impressed with Tom's ability as a hard worker and offered him full time employment when he was just eighteen. This was the start of Tom's career as a truck driver because John Penna also owned a carting business and three mail deliveries out of town. John Penna sold his business to Harry Ding and the staff made the change along with the trucks. Harry Ding upgraded his fleet from the American Ford, Chevrolet and Dodge trucks and utilities of Penna to the larger and heavier Leylands which he found more reliable and capable of carrying the 4,620 kilogram loads. However he realized that he would have to find more work for these vehicles outside of the wheat growing periods, so opted also for the mail and freight runs.


1935 Chronicle reported “Harry Ding, who has taken over John Penna's old-established carrying business at Yunta. Mr. Penna spent many years in the North-East, and has a farm at Gawler now”.

1939 Chronicle Wool Prices :- John Penna Bramfield 5 Pcs 8d.

1941 Chronicle Wool Prices :- J. Penna, Bramfield, 39 flc 12d. to 15d News Adelaide, Elliston Queen Contest More than £470 was raised by the queen contest in conjunction with the Elliston Red Cross combined effort on Saturday. The winning queen. Miss Conje Penna, of Chickerloo Station. rep resenting Bramfield Circle, raised £170. (It also stated that Conge had a Syrian brother)

1944 Newspaper Mr Ward for six years, says that when he comes to Adelaide he often calls in to see Mr. and Mrs. John Penna (formerly of Yunta) at their Gawler home.

1944 Newspaper reported John Penna had been at Gawler for 10 years. 1944 Newspaper article:-LARGE MULBERRY TREE. In Mr. Frank Quire's quest for the largest mulberry tree, he will be interested to hear what Mrs. J. Penna of Chickerloo Station Bramfield has to say -One 30 ft high in our garden measures 12ft round the trunk, and is 59 yards in circumference.

1946 Pt Lincoln Times WANTED IMMEDIATELY-Trapper for Chickerloo Station. Plenty of rabbits. Penna, Bramfield

1947 Chronicle Wool Prices :- J. Penna, Bramfield, 45 flc 233Ad. to 31 '/2d.

1949 Pt Lincoln Times John Penna, Chickerloo, 27 bales AA, A, BB, 793d. to 713d.

1953-1989 Willaston Cemetery John Penna d 24 May 1953 aged 83years, May Penna d March 1960, Arnold John Penna d Aug 1956 aged 63years, Elsie Evelyn Penna d Jan 1989 81 years.

Clement Arnold and Maude Alice Humphrys.

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Clement Arnold Humphrys (1891-1969) was born in Kooringa to Elijah Thorn Humphrys (1860 –1919) and Mary (May) (Teddy) Humphrys (1869-1955).

Clement’s siblings were Clarence Melvin Humphrys (1893-1917) and Minetta Pauline May Humphrys (Ford) 1895-1988). They were brought up on his grandfather’s farm (Jesse1) at Hanson the southern half of the property went to Elijah Thorn Humphrys, the northern half to Flower Humphrys at Jesse1’s death in 1909. Thorn and his wife May built a very impressive house on the property and called it “Maythorn”. The house still stands today, but the property’s new owners call it “Glenowie”. 1915 Almanac had S J Bennett as a ganger at Hanson and Farrell Flat, and we can assume that that is how Clement met Maude.

Clement Humphrys married Maude Alice Penna Snider Bennett in 1916 in St John’s Church Terowie and presumably worked the property with his father and brother Clarence. The 1st grandchild, Viva Hazel was born in 1917 at Kooringa.


Elijah Thorn Humphrys diedin 1919 from Tetanus and the Hanson property was left to Clement Arnold Humphrys as his brother Clarence Humphrys died in France 1917 in WW1.

Maude and Clements children were:-


Thelma, Laurel, Viva, Dorothy.

The property “MayThorn” was sold in 1926, and Clement, Maude and his 4 children, Viva, Thelma, Dorothy and Laurel moved to Adelaide, where Clement invested his money in several properties, in the eastern suburbs, and a property at Summertown in the Adelaide Hills.


Clement and Maude later made their permanent home at 33 Alexandra Ave Rose Park until 1969.

Maude Alice Penna Snider Bennett (1894-1967) was the daughter of Annie Adelaide Snider and John Penna Woolcarting Teamster of Yunta. John Penna refused to marry Annie who was only 16yo but a Petersburg (Peterborough) court on Oct 5th 1894 awarded damages to Annie. (see details in Annie Adelaide and John Penna section, where John Penna was the Postmaster in Yunta in 1932, and the employer of Tom Kruse, the outback mail man). Sidney Bennett a 29yo railway worker (a colleague of Annie’s deceased father) proposed and they married, making Sidney the Step Father to Maude.

Annie and Sidney’s children and Maude's siblings were:-

Maude would not have known about her biological father (J.Penna) and would have assumed Sidney was her father. Sidney was working on the Gawler to Cockburn rail network, the family lived in various Railway towns.

We can assume that Maude stayed with Annie at Sidney’s Gawler home, when having Laurel May Humphrys (Brooks) at Gawler 1924.

Clement had extensive portfolio of properties around the eastern suburbs and he was prudent enough to put the properties in his children’s name.

1967 Maude died in an Osmond Tce Norwood Hospital in 1967 of a stroke.
1969 Clement married Caroline Grace Elvey in 1969 but Clement died of a heart attack in 1969, and because he died intestate, his remaining assets were divided to the new wife as per intestate laws. Grace Humphrys inherited:- (about $2million in 2014 terms!) Lot 247 Parade (may be Alexandra Ave!) ct986/47 , cnr Tolmer Pl & Brown St Norwood ct295/183, 7 The Strand Col Light Gardens ct1477/76, and probable others (to be researched further).

Clement Arnold and Grace (Elvey) Humphrys.

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Caroline Grace Elvey b1914 to Richard Christian Elvey and Caroline Elizabeth Elvey. We can assume she met Clement when Grace as she was known, was 24years old and Clement was the landlord of lot23 Finnis St Warradale Park (Marion) to her parents Caroline and Richard Christian Elvey in 1938.
Richard Christian went by the name of Christian, was a nurseryman according to the Land Titles Office, and he purchased properties in Warradale Park (now Marion), then a large property at Waterloo Corner (Robinson Rd). The Humphrys family through Clement's nephew Roy Wilfred Humphrys, financed all Christian’s properties.
In 1941 Clement purchased a cottage in Cypress St (Off Angas St) Adelaide.
Clement of Magill and Grace of Cypress St Adelaide purchased a pair of Masionettes at Ellen St, Nailsworth. In a legal case in December 1941 (they tried to oust the sitting tenant) Grace’s address was her mother's at 126 Gawler Place Adelaide.
Grace's parents divorced on 11/5/1953.
On 7/9/1953 Caroline Grace Elvey of 30 Cypress St Adelaide (Comptometrist) purchased 41 Avonmore Ave Nth Norwood (Trinity Gardens) CT 1855/45, and on 20/11/1963 the property was transferred to John Arnold Humphrys (PMG Technician) and Caroline Grace Humphrys? (Clothing Retailer).
We can safely assume John Arnold Humphrys was the son of Caroline Grace Elvey and Clement Arnold Humphrys.
1967 Maude died in an Osmond Tce Norwood Hospital in 1967 of a stroke.
1969 Clement married Caroline Grace Elvey in 1969, but died that year of a heart attack and Grace inherited the remaining properties.

5 generations :- Annie Adelaide, Maude Alice, Joy Estelle, Viva Hazel, Ellen Smith Snider.



The Humphrys Clan in 1964


Appendices

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